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Table 4 Proportion (percent) of 3097 community-dwelling subjects who reported problems or deficits in various activities of daily living (ADLs)

From: Impairment in the activities of daily living in older adults with and without osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and chronic back pain: a secondary analysis of population-based health survey data

  Osteoarthritis Chronic back pain Osteoporosis
ADL problems/deficits (%) Yes No p-value Yes No p-value Yes No p-value
Walking 500 m without walking aids 32.3 16.1 <0.001 26.1 19.4 <0.001 35.4 19.9 <0.001
Climbing stairs up and down without walking aids 32.9 16.2 <0.001 27.3 18.7 <0.001 37.5 19.8 <0.001
Use fingers to grab and use small things 8.2 3.6 <0.001 6.3 4.6 0.032 10.4 4.4 <0.001
Turn on a tap or unscrew a can 8.1 3.8 <0.001 6.9 4.3 0.002 10.2 4.6 <0.001
Stretch hand and shake hands 3.2 0.9 <0.001 2.5 1.2 0.010 3.5 1.5 0.001
Bend or kneel down 57.3 26.8 <0.001 48.0 30.4 <0.001 58.1 35.0 <0.001
Lift and carry a shopping bag with 5 kg 44.8 22.9 <0.001 37.3 26.3 <0.001 53.2 27.0 <0.001
Eat independently 7.6 6.5 0.219 7.0 6.9 0.912 9.8 6.3 0.003
Sit down on a chair or bed and stand up 14.9 9.6 <0.001 13.8 8.5 <0.001 18.6 9.5 <0.001
Put on and take off clothes 16.6 10.4 <0.001 14.9 10.9 0.001 18.1 11.8 <0.001
Go to the toilet 8.2 6.8 0.154 7.5 7.3 0.758 10.5 6.7 0.002
Take a bath or a shower 22.2 12.8 <0.001 19.2 14.1 <0.001 25.8 14.6 <0.001
Prepare food 21.7 15.3 <0.001 19.7 16.1 0.010 23.3 16.9 0.003
Make telephone calls independently 6.4 5.1 0.140 5.7 5.6 0.937 7.4 5.3 0.049
Go shopping independently 27.9 15.1 <0.001 23.5 17.2 <0.001 31.1 17.9 <0.001
Wash clothes independently 24.8 17.4 <0.001 22.0 18.9 0.037 24.4 19.6 0.010
Do regularly light house work 21.4 13.9 <0.001 19.6 14.2 <0.001 24.4 15.2 <0.001
Do regularly heavy house work 57.4 34.6 <0.001 49.2 38.6 <0.001 62.1 39.8 <0.001
Manage financial affairs independently 15.4 8.9 <0.001 11.9 11.1 0.496 16.4 10.4 <0.001
ADL dimension 1* 74.5 46.9 <0.001 65.9 50.3 <0.001 77.5 53.8 <0.001
ADL dimension 2* 35.6 24.7 <0.001 32.2 26.1 <0.001 37.9 27.2 <0.001
ADL dimension 3* 29.7 18.3 <0.001 26.2 19.7 <0.001 34.6 20.3 <0.001
ADL dimension 4* 13.6 6.1 <0.001 11.2 7.1 <0.001 15.8 7.7 <0.001
  1. The p-values refer to differences between those with and without the respective musculoskeletal disorder and were calculated with the Pearson’s Chi2 test
  2. *ADL dimensions are described in Table 3