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Table 2 The associated risk of Modic change in the lumbar spine as intervertebral disc height (mm) reduces

From: Modic changes in the lumbar spine and their association with body composition, fat distribution and intervertebral disc height – a 3.0 T-MRI study

Disc level Risk of Modic change in the vertebrae adjacent to that disc
  Univariate OR 95 % CI P Multivariate OR 95 % CI P
L1/2 1.5 (0.9, 2.3) 0.11 1.5 (0.8, 3.0) 0.22
L2/3 1.7 (1.1, 2.7) 0.01 1.8 (1.1, 2.9) 0.03
L3/4 1.1 (0.9, 1.4) 0.29 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 0.64
L4/5 1.3 (1.1, 1.7) 0.007 1.4 (1.1, 1.8) 0.008
L5/S1 1.4 (1.1, 1.7) 0.001 1.4 (1.1, 1.8) 0.001
  Risk of Modic change in the lumbar spine
  Univariate OR 95 % CI P Multivariate OR 95 % CI P
Average disc height (L1-S1) 1.5 (1.1, 2.0) 0.02 1.6 (1.1, 2.3) 0.01
Total disc height (L1-S1) 1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 0.02 1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 0.01
  1. Adjusted for age, gender, height and weight