Skip to main content

Table 1 The baseline characteristics of participants

From: A cross-sectional study for estimation of associations between education level and osteoporosis in a Chinese men sample

Variables Total sample Education level P value
Primary school Junior high school Senior high school College
Demographic information       
N 1092 112 366 315 299 -
Age 64.11 ± 9.77 71.1 ± 7.91 62.31 ± 10.22 62.15 ± 10.51 65.77 ± 7.27 <0.001
Height 168.16 ± 5.61 164.67 ± 5.65 168.72 ± 4.15 169.33 ± 6.99 169.17 ± 6.34 0.030
Weight 67.96 ± 11.94 65.09 ± 10.25 69.24 ± 13.89 67.87 ± 9.26 66.75 ± 10.82 0.654
Lifestyle       
Smoking 397(36.39 %) 41(36.61 %) 159(43.56 %) 127(40.32 %) 70(23.41 %) <0.001
Alcohol intake 333(30.58 %) 38(34.23 %) 126(34.52 %) 93(29.62 %) 76(25.42 %) 0.064
Excise 705(64.56 %) 64(57.14 %) 213(58.2 %) 200(63.49 %) 228(76.25 %) <0.001
Medical history       
HTN 494(45.78 %) 56(50.45 %) 157(43.13 %) 144(46.45 %) 137(46.6 %) 0.544
CAD 108(10.29 %) 11(10 %) 30(8.5 %) 37(12.21 %) 30(10.56 %) 0.480
DM 104(9.73 %) 12(10.81 %) 32(8.91 %) 24(7.84 %) 36(12.29 %) 0.279
RA 37(3.43 %) 5(4.5 %) 9(2.48 %) 11(3.54 %) 12(4.1 %) 0.620
Therapy history       
Vitamin C 115(10.53 %) 5(4.46 %) 22(6.01 %) 33(10.48 %) 55(18.39 %) <0.001
Vitamin D 29(2.66 %) 0(0 %) 4(1.09 %) 7(2.22 %) 18(6.02 %) <0.001
Outcomes       
T-score −1.23 ± 0.91 −1.42 ± 1.06 −1.3 ± 0.86 −1.21 ± 0.85 −1.08 ± 0.95 0.002
OP 96(8.79 %) 20(17.86 %) 29(7.92 %) 20(6.35 %) 27(9.03 %) 0.003
  1. Note: HTN hypertension, CAD coronary artery disease, DM diabetes mellitus, RA Rheumatoid arthritis, OP Osteoporosis