Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic data for all participants. Unless otherwise indicated data are number (%) or median (interquartile range)

From: Determinants of adherence to disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in White British and South Asian patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a cross sectional study

  White South Asian P value
Number 91 89  
Age, years; mean (SD) 57.74 (12.74) 52.46(12.94) 0.006a
Female 56 (61) 69 (77) 0.024b
Level of education    0.538c
Primary 0 (0) 11 (12)  
Secondary 49 (54) 33 (38)  
College 21 (23) 26 (30)  
University 21 (23) 18 (20)  
Number of years of education 14 (11–16) 15 (11–17) 0.439c
Employment 0.001b
Full time 33 (36) 31 (35)  
Part time 3 (3) 8 (9)  
Unemployment 3 (3) 1 (1)  
Never employed 0 (0) 1 (1)  
Not working due to RA 12 (13) 15 (17)  
Not working for other reason 19 (21) 7 (8)  
Home maker** 4 (4) 18 (20)  
Retired 17 (19) 8 (9)  
Preferred language spoken by patient <0.001b
English 91 (100) 51 (57)  
Punjabi 0 (0) 29 (33)  
Urdu 0 (0) 6 (7)  
Hindi 0 (0) 3 (3)  
Language spoken with GP <0.001b
English 91 (100) 68 (76)  
Punjabi 0 (0) 16 (18)  
Urdu 0 (0) 3 (3)  
Hindi 0 (0) 2 (2)  
Patient Literacy*** <0.001b
Yes 90 (99) 71 (80)  
No 1 (1) 18 (20)  
Number of years in UK, mean (SD) NA 31.76 (11.6)  
DAS CRP, mean (SD) 4.02 (0.83)* 3.76 (0.81)* 0.034a
Disease duration (years) 5 (2–11) 7 (3–13) 0.173c
Oral/biologic DMARDs
Methotrexate 77 (84.6) 81 (91.0) 0.256b
Sulphasalazine 38 (41.8) 42 (47.2) 0.549b
Hydroxychloroquine 10 (11.0) 11 (12.4) 0.820b
Anti-TNF 45 (49.5) 35 (39.3) 0.181b
Other 8 (8.8) 7 (7.9) 1.000b
  1. at-test, bFisher’s exact test, cMann-Whitney, *(CRP was available on 91 White British, 86 South Asian patients (Level of education; was available on 91 White British patients, and 88 South Asian patients) **(A homemaker is defined as “a person who manages the household of his or her own family, especially as a principal occupation) ***(patients’ ability to read and write in their preferred language)