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Table 2 Summary of the surveyed variables of the 273 subjects

From: Association between neck and shoulder pain, back pain, low back pain and body composition parameters among the Japanese general population

  Values
Age (y) 64.3 ± 13.2
Gender (F/M) 179/94
Total body muscle mass (kg) 39.6 ± 8.1
Total body fat mass (kg) 15.2 ± 5.9
Total body water (kg) 30.2 ± 5.5
Total body fat ratio (%) 26.5 ± 8.4
Total body water ratio (%) 53.1 ± 5.1
Appendicular muscle mass (kg) 17.1 ± 4.0
Appendicular fat mass (kg) 6.7 ± 2.3
Trunk muscle mass (kg) 22.4 ± 4.3
Trunk fat mass (kg) 8.5 ± 3.7
BMI (kg/m2) 23.4 ± 2.9
AMI (kg/m2) 6.9 ± 1.0
BMR (kcal) 1179.2 ± 216.5
Present pain
neck and shoulder pain (n, %) 152, 55.6
VAS of neck and shoulder pain (mm) 24.1 ± 28.2
back pain (n, %) 75, 27.4
VAS of back pain (mm) 10.3 ± 20.7
Low back pain (n, %) 168, 61.5
VAS of low back pain (mm) 22.9 ± 25.1
Chronic pain
Neck and shoulder pain (n, %) 63, 23.0
Back pain (n, %) 25, 9.1
Low back pain (n, %) 62, 22.7
  1. BMI, body mass index; AMI, appendicular muscle index; BMR, basal metabolic rate; VAS, visual analogue scale