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Table 3 Characteristics of patients in groups A and B

From: Influence of pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch on surgical outcomes of short-segment transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

   Group A (≤10 deg.; n = 22) Group B (≥11 deg.; n = 30) p value
Age (years) 67.9 ± 8.3 67.5 ± 11.8 NS
Sex (M/F) 14/8 11/19 NS
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.7 ± 2.6 25.4 ± 3.9 NS
Degenerative scoliosis (≥10 deg) 22.7 % (5/22) 40.0 % (12/30) NS
Diabetes mellitus   0.0 % (0/22) 10.0 % (3/30) NS
Depression   4.5 % (1/22) 6.7 % (2/30) NS
Pelvic incidence (PI)a (Degree) 44.9 ± 7.0 52.1 ± 11.7 p = 0.013
Lumbar lordosis (LL)a (Degree) 44.0 ± 8.3 29.4 ± 10.7 p < 0.001
PI minus LL (PI-LL)a (Degree) 1.0 ± 5.8 22.7 ± 8.9 p < 0.001
Follow-up (months) 16.9 ± 6.6 15.9 ± 5.3 NS
  1. apostoperative data; NS is non-significant at p > 0.05