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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Gait characteristics associated with the foot and ankle in inflammatory arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author IA Case demographics Control demographics Gait parameters investigated
Number Gender (F:M) Age Number Gender Age ST KIM KIN PP EMG
mean (SD) (F:M) mean (SD)
Turner [7] RA 23 14:9 49.4 (10.5) 23 14:9 49.5 (13.6)   
Woodburn [8] RA 11 9:2 59.6 (12.0) 5 NR NR    
O’Connell [11] RA 10 8:2 54.0 7 5:2 34.0a  
Woodburn [13] RA 50 34:16 54.0 (11.8) 45 29:16 51.8 (12.4)     
Turner [14] RA 12 (FF) 9:3 7.9 (9.3) 53 33:20 55.2 (11.7)   
10 (RF) 8:2 53.8 (13.2)
6 (COMB) 4:2 64.7 (6.9)
Turner [15] RA 74 58:16 56.4 (12.0) 53 33:20 55.2 (11.7)  
Turner [16] RA 12 12:0 46.0a 12 12:0 47.0a  
Weiss [17] RA 50 43:7 55.0 (14.0) 37 22:15 51.0 (14.0)   
Khazzam [18] RA 22 20:2 54.0a 25 12:13 41.0a    
Barn [19] RA 10 6:4 50.0 (9.0) 5 3:2 47.0 (6.0)   
Woodburn [34] RA 10 NR 52.3a 10 NR 27.9a     
Bowen [36] RA 114 93:21 59.6 (12.0) 49 37:12 33.2a     
Dubbeldam [37] RA 21 17:4 46.6 (12.8) 14 11:3 41.6 (8.5)    
Yavuz [38] RA 9 8:1 53.2 (12.3) 14 9:5 53.6 (18.7)     
Rome [39] RA 19 15:4 56.1 (11.1) 21 12:9 51.0 (8.9)     
Eppeland [40] RA 17 7:10 51.1 (6.2) 20 8:12 50.4 (5.3)     
Schmiegel [41] RA 21 NR 57.1 (10.2) 16 NR 50.8 (9.4)     
Schmiegel [42] RA 112 NR 55.0 (11.0) 20 NR 53.2 (12.3)     
Laroche [43] RA 9 6:3 60.0 (7.0) 9 7:2 60.0 (7.0)    
Laroche [44] RA 9 6:3 60.6 (6.8) 7 5:2 58.5 (7.4)   
Semple [45] RA 74 58:16 54.6 (12.0) 53 33:20 55.2 (11.7)    
Rosenbaum [46] RA 25 23:2 55.0 (9.9) 21 20:1 50.8 (9.3)     
Tuna [47] RA 50 38:12 50.0 (9.0) 50 39:11 49.8 (7.6)     
Otter [48] RA 25 21:4 45.3 (12.7) 25 22:3 48.0 (8.6)     
Woodburn [49] RA 102 76:26 63.5a 42 31:11 61.0a     
Siegel [50] RA 4 3:1 56.5 (7.2) 2 2:0 28.0 (11.0)    
Fransen [51] RA 113 76:37 60.0 (5.5) 102 67:35 58.7 (5.3)     
Isacson [52] RA 17 17:0 40.0 (5.0) 11 11:0 29.0 (7.0)    
Minns [53] RA 124 104:20 56.6a 67 32:35 50.2 (10.2)    
Simkin [54] RA 18 11:7 58.0a 20 10:10 51.0a    
Stauffer [55] RA 30 18:12 NR 29 15:14 NR    
Del Din [10] AS 12 4:8 49.4 (10.5) 12 4:8 55.75 (3.2)   
Mangone [56] AS 17 2:15 47.0 (21.9) 10 1:9 38.7 (14.5)    
Zebouni [57] AS 12 4:8 46.5a 11 NR 39.5a    
Woodburn [21] PsA 42 25:17 45.3 (12.7) 29 18:11 40.0 (10.5)   
Rome [12] GT 25 6:19 61.2 (11.7) 25 6:19 57.3 (12.2)    
  1. SD standard deviation, NR not reported, IA inflammatory arthritis, RA rheumatoid arthritis, GT gout, AS ankylosing spondylitis, PsA psoriatic arthritis, ST spatiotemporal, KIM kinematic, KIN kinetic, PP plantar pressure, EMG electromyography, FF group severe forefoot deformity group, RF group severe rearfoot deformity group, COMB group severe fore- and rearfoot deformity group
  2. a SD not reported