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Table 1 Hyperostotic spurs at 11 specified localizations of both elbows in patients with or without thoracospinal DISH, with or without elbow hyperostosis, and with or without elbow DISH (defined by the features of both thoracospinal and elbow hyperostosis), respectively

From: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) of the elbow: a controlled radiological study

  Thoracospinal hyperostosis Elbow hyperostosis Elbow DISH (Elbow and Thoracospinal Hyperostosis)
Present (n = 33) Absent (n = 52) OR (95 % CI) Present (n = 57) Absent (n = 28) OR (95 % CI) Present (n = 27) Absent (n = 22) OR (95 % CI)
Olecranon 66.7 % 57.7 % 1.47 (0.54–4.03) 84.2 % 14.3 % 32.00 (7.73–148.86) 77.8 % 13.6 % 22.17 (4.13–144.69)
Lateral epicondyle 78.8 % 48.1 % 4.01 (1.35–12.34) 68.4 % 21.1 % 2.89 (1.03–8.20) 88.9 % 45.5 % 9.60 (1.91–61.23)
Medial epicondyle 72.7 % 48.1 % 2.88 (1.03–8.24) 70.2 % 15.8 % 4.97 (1.70–14.91) 85.2 % 36.4 % 10.06 (2.18–52.12)
Coronoid process 39.4 % 38.5 % 1.04 (0.39–2.79) 49.1 % 8.8 % 4.44 (1.37–16.79) 48.1 % 22.7 % 3.16 (0.79–13.91)
Coronoid fossa 21.2 % 32.7 % 0.55 (0.18–1.69) 35.1 % 7.0 % 3.24 (0.91–14.48) 25.9 % 18.2 % 1.58 (0.33–8.53)
Radial head 24.2 % 23.1 % 1.07 (0.34–3.32) 29.8 % 5.3 % 3.54 (0.88–20.49) 29.6 % 13.6 % 2.67 (0.52–17.65)
Radial tuberosity 30.3 % 19.2 % 1.83 (0.59–5.66) 28.1 % 7.0 % 2.34 (0.64–10.65) 29.6 % 9.1 % 4.21 (0.69–44.44)
Olecranon - other localization 12.1 % 26.9 % 0.37 (0.08–1.38) 24.6 % 7.0 % 1.95 (0.53–9.01) 14.8 % 18.2 % 0.78 (0.13–4.85)
Other localization 21.2 % 19.2 % 1.13 (0.34–3.77) 24.6 % 5.3 % 2.71 (0.66–15.98) 25.9 % 13.6 % 2.22 (0.42–15.00)
Olecranon fossa 12.1 % 15.4 % 0.76 (0.15–3.16) 35.1 % 7.0 % 3.24 (0.91–14.48) 14.8 % 13.6 % 1.10 (0.16–8.45)
Radius - other localization 12.1 % 9.6 % 1.30 (0.24–6.56) 12.3 % 3.5 % 1.82 (0.31–19.06) 11.1 % 4.5 % 2.63 (0.19–144.25)
  1. Significant values with p < 0.05 are reported in bold