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Table 3 Gender-specific comorbidities, urbanization, and hospital level for 1078 patients with Dupuytren’s disease in Taiwan

From: Epidemiological profile of Dupuytren’s disease in Taiwan (Ethnic Chinese): a nationwide population-based study

Variables Total = 1078 (100%) Male = 681 (100%) Female = 397 (100%) *p
Comorbidities (n (%))     
 Hypertension 319 (29.6) 231 (33.9) 88 (22.2) <0.0001$
 Diabetes mellitus 236 (21. 9) 163 (23.9) 73 (18.4) 0.0336$
 Hyperlipidemia 159 (14.8) 95 (14.0) 64 (16.1) 0.3323$
 Ischemic heart disease 113 (10.5) 83 (12.2) 30 (7. 6) 0.0167$
 COPD 86 (8.0) 74 (10.9) 12 (3.0) <0.0001$
 Stroke 54 (5.0) 40 (5.9) 14 (3.5) 0.0884$
 Cancers 37 (3.4) 26 (3.8) 11 (2.8) 0.3624$
 Hepatitis (B or C) 17 (1.6) 11 (1.6) 6 (1.5) 0.8949$
 CKD 21 (2.0) 11 (1.6) 10 (2.5) 0.3005$
 Rheumatic disease 14 (1.3) 3 (0.4) 11 (2.8) 0.0017&
 Pulmonary tuberculosis 8 (0.7) 5 (0.7) 3 (0.8) 1.0000&
 Valvular heart disease 7 (0.7) 5 (0.7) 2 (0.5) 0.6496&
 Alcoholism 1 (0.1) 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 1.0000&
Urbanization     0.0980$
 1 (highest) 275 (25.5) 179 (26.3) 96 (24.2)  
 2 567 (52.6) 366 (53.7) 201 (50.6)  
 3 38 (3.5) 17 (2.5) 21 (5.3)  
 4 171 (15.9) 101 (14.8) 70 (17.6)  
 ≥5 27 (2.5) 18 (2.6) 9 (2.3)  
Hospital location     0.4407$
 1. North 579 (53.7) 375 (55.1) 204 (51.4)  
 2. Central 158 (14.7) 95 (14.0) 63 (15.9)  
 3. South 316 (29.3) 193 (28.34) 123 (31.0)  
 4. East 25 (2.3) 18 (2.6) 7 (1.8)  
  1. COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CKD, chronic kidney disease.
  2. Urbanization: level 1 indicating most urbanized and level 7 indicating least urbanized. Criteria for calculating urbanization include population density (people/km2), ratio of people with high educational levels (college or above), the ratio of people ≥ 65 years old, the ratio of agricultural workers, and the number of physicians per 100,000 people.
  3. *Men compared with women; &Fisher’s Exact test; $Pearson's χ2 test.