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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients (n = 116) at baseline

From: Outcome prediction in chronic unilateral lumbar radiculopathy: prospective cohort study

Sociodemographic variables  
Age years, mean (SD) 42.0 (10.3)
Male gender, n (%) 68.0 (58.6)
Current smoker, n (%) 49.0 (42.2)
University or college education, n (%) 22.0 (19.0)
Working full-time, n (%) 43.0 (37.1)
Low back pain/sciatica history/fear avoidance  
Low back pain weeks, mean (SD) 53.4 (110.0)
Leg pain weeks, mean (SD) 42.0 (99.0)
Fear avoidance belief questionnaire about work, mean (SD) 12.8 (5.0)
Fear avoidance belief questionnaire about physical activity, mean (SD) 23.4 (10.2)
Clinical examination  
Straight leg raising <60°, n (%) 62.0 (53.4)
Muscle weakness, n (%) 94.0 (81.0)
Dermatomal sensory loss, n (%) 83.0 (71.6)
Reflex impairment, n (%) 55.0 (47.4)
Body mass index, mean (SD) 26.3 (3.8)
Magnetic resonance or CT imaging  
Concordance between nerve root impingement on MRI and clinical radiculopathy n (%) 60 (51.7)
Modic type I and I/II, n (%) 66.0 (56.9)