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Table 3 Conjunct motion range and group comparisons. Values (°) are in mean (SD).

From: Altered motor control patterns in whiplash and chronic neck pain

  WAD n = 56 Chronic Neck Pain n = 57 Asympt. n = 57 p (1) p (2) p (3)
Primary Rotation       
   Conjunct Side-bending 7.00 (3.52) 8.87 (4.09) 13.15 (4.08) a ** a ** a **
     b * b *  
     c ** c ** c **
   Conjunct Flexion/Extension 6.89 (3.22) 8.99 (3.26) 12.79 (5.23) a ** a **  
     b ** b *  
     c ** c *  
Primary Side-bending       
   Conjunct Rotation 6.24 (2.91) 7.19 (2.18) 8.68 (2.97) a **   
     c **   
   Conjunct Flexion/Extension 6.59 (2.98) 7.57 (3.12) 8.43 (2.69) a **   
Primary Flexion/Extension       
   Conjunct Rotation 3.95 (1.89) 4.58 (1.32) 5.10 (1.53) a **   
     b*   
   Conjunct Side-bending 3.66 (1.82) 4.18 (1.24) 5.24 (2.26) a ** a *  
     c **   
  1. 1) Adjusted for age and gender. 2) Adjusted for age, gender and current neck pain intensity. 3) Adjusted for age, gender, current neck pain intensity and range of motion in the primary plane. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, a = WAD vs Asymptomatic, b = WAD vs Chronic Neck Pain, c = Chronic Neck Pain vs Asymptomatic