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Table 3 Distribution of nutritional associated factors with osteoporosis in two populations

From: The assessment of osteoporosis risk factors in Iranian women compared with Indian women

Nutritional factors 1 Iran India
  Case (n = 178) Control (n = 185) OR2 (0.95 CI) OR3 (0.95 CI) Case (n = 203) Control (n = 151) OR2 (0.95 CI) OR3 (0.95 CI)
Fish         
   Subjects (n) 151 160 ---- ---- 144 115 ---- -----
>= 2/w (%) 4 6.9 NS NS 6.9 21.7 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
Eggs         
   Subjects (n) 135 148 ---- ---- 146 115 ---- ----
>= 1/w (%) 55.6 68.9 0.6 (0.4–1.0) 0.6 (0.3–0.9) 28.1 42.6 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 0.6 (0.3–0.9)
Chicken         
   Subjects (n) 169 165 ---- ---- 196 145 ---- ----
>= 2/w (%) 58.6 74.5 0.4 (0.2–0.6) 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 16.7 17.1 NS2 NS
Red meat         
   Subjects (n) 169 165 ---- ---- 140 116 ---- ----
>= 4/w (%) 31.4 20 1.9(1.2–3.3) 1.9(1.1–3.3) 5 3.4 NS NS
Almond         
   Subjects (n) 149 143 ---- ---- 79 64 ---- ----
>= 4/w (%) 13.9 16.5 NS NS 17.7 32.1 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
Soya         
   Subjects (n) 135 148 ---- ---- 146 115 ---- ----
>= 4 (%) 1.2 4.3 NS NS 7.2 19.6 0.3 (0.2–0.7) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
Fruits         
   Subjects (n) 166 164 ---- ---- 131 101 ---- ----
   Daily (%) 72.3 84.8 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 74 89.1 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.3 (0.1–0.7)
Tea (Iran)§/milktea (India)†         
   Subjects (n) 172 170 ---- ---- 163 113 ---- ----
>= 7 cup/w§and >= 4 cup/w† (%) 9.9 28.2 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.3 (0.1–0.5) 16.1 32.7 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
Milk         
   Subjects (n) 176 173 ---- ---- 135 112 ---- ----
>= 1 cup/day 51.1 63.0 0.5 (0.4–0.9) 0.6 (0.3–0.9) 62.2 62.5 NS2 NS2
Cheese         
   Subjects (n) 167 169 ---- ---- 122 108 ---- ----
>= 30 g/day 44.9 59.8 0.5 (0.4–0.8) 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 11.5 13.9 NS2 NS2
  1. 1 – Variables are dichotomous.2 – Non significant. OR2 = Adjusted for age. OR3 = Adjusted for age, height and weight