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Table 5 Asymmetry indexes of the mandible in different orthopedic groups.

From: Craniofacial features of children with spinal deformities

Asymmetry index Scheuermann's disease group Scoliosis group
[(R-L)/(R+L)]x100 severe type moderate type severe type moderate type
Condylar index mean ± SD 12.02 ± 11.32 11.06 ± 17.02 12.45 ± 8.53 12.24 ± 10.79
Ramal index mean ± SD 3.16 ± 2.18 2.47 ± 5.35 3.32 ± 3.18 1.72 ± 0.89
Condylar+ramal index mean ± SD 2.66 ± 2.25 1.54 ± 2.44 2.58 ± 2.41 0.56 ± 0.47