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Table 2 Multiple logistic regressions of associations of background variables with each of the four dimensions of Attitudes regarding responsibility for musculoskeletal disorders (ARM).

From: Responsibility for managing musculoskeletal disorders – A cross-sectional postal survey of attitudes

Variable Dimension
  "Responsibility Self Active"
≥ 17 p
Included in analysis n = 693,
above cut-off n = 176
"Responsibility Out of my hands"
≥ 8 p
Included in analysis n = 693,
above cut-off n = 156
"Responsibility Employer"
≥ 9 p
Included in analysis n = 683,
above cut-off n = 174
"Responsibility (Medical) Professionals"
≥ 14 p
Included in analysis n = 692,
above cut-off n = 182
  OR CI (95%) OR CI (95%) OR CI (95%) OR CI (95%)
Age (years old)         
18–40 (ref) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
41–64 .73 .49; 1.08 .73 .47; 1.14 .49 .32; .74 1.09 .71; 1.69
>65 . 43 .22; .83 1.26 .69; 2.28 .80 .44; 1.44 2.49 1.41; 4.40
Gender         
Male (ref)      1.00    
Female      1.49 1.03; 2.16   
Education         
University (ref)    1.00   1.00   1.00  
High school    1.30 .81; 2.11 1.25 .81; 1.95 2.15 1.34; 3.47
Compulsory school    4.10 2.35; 7.15 3.12 1.81; 5.40 4.76 2.73; 8.29
Other    1.93 .93; 3.98 1.94 .98; 3.88 3.30 1.67; 6.55
Physical activity         
Perform at least 3 times/week (ref) 1.00   1.00      
Perform 1–2 times/week 2.66 1.58; 4.49 1.13 .70; 1.82     
Perform now and then 6.44 3.81; 10.89 1.57 .96; 2.57     
Perform none or very little 9.20 4.58; 18.50 2.92 1.50; 5.69     
Presence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD)         
No musculoskeletal disorders (ref) 1.00     1.00   1.00  
Suffered from musculoskeletal disorders 2.78 1.58; 4.89    .66 .43; 1.01 .42 .27; .65
Sick-leave         
No sick-leave (ref) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
Sick-leave but not for MSD 1.44 .78; 2.65 1.27 .66; 2.43 1.78 .99; 3.22   
MSD related sick-leave 2.55 1.18; 5.48 2.31 1.08; 4.91 3.07 1.48; 6.39   
Visits to care provider         
No visits (ref)        1.00  
Visited        2.07 1.40; 3.05
  1. Italics: Interaction effect with MSD
  2. The dependant value was scoring in the upper quartile of the population, thus belonging to the group of people (25%) with the most external attitude. Significant associations are in bold type.