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Table 3 Summary of reviewed studies (Q = questionnaire, E = examination, NM = not mentioned, F = female, M = male

From: The Prevalence of low back pain in Africa: a systematic review

Study Country Study design Tool Urban or rural Setting Sample size Population Age:Yrs Gender Response rate
Mulimba 199019 Nairobi Retrospective E Urban Private clinic 2201 Ortho patients 11–75 F/M NM
Bezzaoucha 199221 Algiers Survey Q Rural Community 6956 Residents 15 + F/M NM
Bwanahali et al 199222 Zaire Retrospective Q Rural Hospital 169 OPD patients   F/M NM
Harris 199320 South Africa Survey Q Urban Clubs 110 Cricketers 15–35 M 90
Schierhout et al 199329 South Africa Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 155 Factory workers NM F/M 100
Mijiyawa et al 200024 Togo Retrospective Q Rural Hospital 9065 OPD patients 17–94 F/M 100
Omokhodion et al 200025 Nigeria Cross-sectional Q Rural Hospital 74 Hospital staff 20–60 F/M 93
Worku 200011 South Africa Retrospective Q Rural Community 4001 Mothers NM F 100
Wallner-Scholtfeldt et al 200030 South Africa Survey Q Urban Work 196 Workers 23–59 M 64
Omokhodion 200226 Nigeria Cross-sectional Q Rural Houses 900 Residents 20–85 F/M 100
Mbaye et al 200023 Senegal Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 69 Workers   M NM
Omokhodion et al 200315 Nigeria Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 1285 Office workers 20–60 F/M 66
Igumbor et al 200331 Zimbabwe Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 198 Physiotherapists 23–76 F/M 72
Omokhodion 200416 Nigeria Cross-sectional Q Urban Community 474 Residents 20–82 F/M 100
Govender 200432 South Africa Survey Q Urban Hospital 320 Nurses 20–62 F/M 68
Puckree et al 200433 South Africa Survey Q Urban Schools 320 Scholars 11–14 F/M 55
Prista et al 200427 Mozambique Survey Q Rural/urban Schools 204 Scholars 11–16 F/M 85
Fabunmi et al 200541 Nigeria Survey Q Rural Farms 500 Farmers 25–84 F/M 100
Sanya et al 200542 Nigeria Cross-sectional Q Urban Industry 604 Industrial workers 20–60 F/M 53
Bejia (Adol) et al 200534 Tunisia Cross-sectional Q Urban Schools 622 Scholars 11–19 F/M 98
Jordaan et al 200528 South Africa Cross sectional Q Rural/Urban Schools 1123 Scholars 13–18 F/M 89
Adedoyin et al 200535 Nigeria Survey Q Urban Universities 1115 Computer users NM F/M 93
Bejia (hosp) et al 200536 Tunisia Survey Q Urban Hospital 350 Hospital staff 18–60 F/M 100
Van Vuuren et al 200537 South Africa Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 109 Workers NM M 96
Galukande et al 200538 Uganda Cross-sectional Q Urban Hospital 204 Outpatients 19–86 F/M 100
Van Vuuren et al 200539 South Africa Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 366 Workers NM NM 100
Van Vuuren et al 200640 South Africa Cross-sectional Q Urban Work 366 Workers NM M 100