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Table 3 Back pain advice and pharmacists' experience of back pain

From: Do community pharmacists have the attitudes and knowledge to support evidence based self-management of low back pain?

   Number (%)
Statement Pain* Agree Disagree
I often have negative feelings about advising people with back pain+ None 20 (21.5) 73 (78.5)
(n = 328) χ2 = 6.4 df = 2 p = 0.040 Short 27 (13.8) 168 (86.2)
  Long 2 (5.0) 38 (95.0)
  Total 49 (14.9) 279 (85.1)
I most frequently refer people with back pain to their GP None 31 (34.1) 60 (65.9)
(n = 321) χ2 = 4.7 df = 2 p = 0.094 Short 46 (24.1) 145 (75.9)
  Long 7 (17.9) 32 (82.1)
  Total 84 (26.2) 237 (73.8)
Back pain is an important topic where I work None 23 (25.3) 68 (74.7)
(n = 319) χ2 = 17.8 df = 2 p = 0.000 Short 68 (36.0) 121 (64.0)
  Long 25 (64.1) 14 (35.9)
  Total 116 (36.4) 203 (63.6)
Where I work people often ask for advice about back pain None 41 (45.6) 49 (54.4)
(n = 323) χ2 = 8.3 df = 2 p = 0.015 Short 98 (50.8) 95 (49.2)
  Long 29 (72.5) 11 (27.5)
  Total 168 (52.0) 155 (48.0)
I offer good advice about back pain None 66 (79.5) 17 (20.5)
(n = 304) χ2 = 5.6 df = 2 p = 0.060 Short 163 (89.1) 20 (10.9)
  Long 35 (92.1) 3 (7.9)
  Total 264 (86.8) 40 (13.2)
My support staff offer good advice about back pain None 55 (67.1) 27 (32.9)
(n = 298) χ2 = 4.2 df = 2 p = 0.122 Short 138 (77.1) 41 (22.9)
  Long 24 (64.9) 13 (35.1)
  Total 217 (72.8) 81 (27.2)
  1. *Personal experience of back pain: none; short term or long-standing.
  2. +Similar to Buchbinder [13]: 'advising people with back pain' replaces 'treating these people'.