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Table 4 Average (SD) physiological ligament elongations (mm) obtained using the mathematical model.

From: Neck ligament strength is decreased following whiplash trauma

  Physiological elongation
ALL 1.2 (0.3)
MTD 0.3 (0.1)
PLL 0.8 (0.3)
CL 1.2 (0.4)
LF 2.3 (0.7)
ISL+SSL 3.6 (1.2)
  1. ALL: anterior longitudinal ligament, MTD: middle-third disc, PLL: posterior longitudinal ligament, CL: capsular ligament, LF: ligamentum flavum, ISL+SSL: interspinous and supraspinous ligaments.