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Table 1 Demographic data, sick leave, proportions of symptoms from the neck, shoulder and low back during the 12 months preceding baseline, and proportions of women participating in some intervention.

From: Sick leave among home-care personnel: a longitudinal study of risk factors

  Study group Ia
n = 443
Study group IIb
n = 274
Age, mean (SD) 45 years
(± 10)
45 years
(± 10)
Symptoms some time during the 12 months before baseline   
Neck 59% 57%
Shoulders 66% 65%
Low back 62% 60%
Number of days on sick leave due to any cause 12 months before baseline/6 months before 18-month follow-up, mean (SD) 14 (38)/
12 (31)
 
Numbers of days on sick leave 12 months before baseline (other reasons than disorders of the neck, shoulder and/or back)/ due to any cause 6 months before 18-month follow-up, mean (SD)   10 (30)/
9 (30)
Duration of employment   
0 – 4 years 3% 3%
5 – 10 years 22% 20%
11 – 20 year 47% 43%
>20 years 28% 34%
Proportion of full-time work, mean (SD) 81% (± 17) 81% (± 17)
N:o of persons in household (including the person involved), mean (SD) 2,7 (± 1.3) 2,8 (± 1.3)
Living alone 17% 16%
Participation in intervention   
Stress Management group 18% 21%
Individual Physical Training group 16% 18%
Control group 20% 25%
  1. a All participants at baseline. b Participants who at baseline reported no sick leave due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders during the preceding 12 months and who answered the questionnaire at the 18-month follow-up.