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Table 2 Psychological variables in female patients with fibromyalgia and female population controls: mean scores with 95% confidence intervals

From: Factors explaining variance in perceived pain in women with fibromyalgia

  Fibromyalgia (N = 42) Controls (N = 48) ANOVA F-value P-value
Psychological symptoms
HAD-A 6.2 (5.0–7.4) 4.4 (3.5–5.4) 5.4 0.02
HAD-D 4.9 (3.7–6.0) 2.3 (1.5–3.0) 15.5 <0.001
GHQ-30 likert 33.6 (29–28) 24.1 (21–27) 14.2 <0.001
Personality
EPQ-N 10.1 (8.5–11.6) 7.6 (6.1–9.0) 5.5 0.02
EPQ-L 9.9 (8.7–11.0) 9.6 (8.7–10.4) 0.2 0.69
TAS 67.7 (65–71) 64.9 (62–68) 1.6 0.21
MHLC     
Internal 20.2 (18.5–22.0) 23.8 (22.2–25.3) 9.0 0.004
Chance 16.4 (14.8–18.0) 13.9 (12.6–15.2) 6.2 0.02
External 15.4 (13.7–17.1) 16.0 (15.0–17.4) 0.3 0.60
  1. EPQ-N: Eysenck personality Questionnaire, Neuroticism scale, EPQ-L: Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Lie scale, TAS: Toronto Alexithymia Scale, MHLCS: Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, HAD-A and HAD-D: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, GHQ: General Health Questionnaire, F1: Defensive hostility, F2: Instrumental mastery-oriented Coping, F3: Cognitive defence, F4: Emotional focused coping