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Table 2 Selection criteria

From: Rationale and design of the INNOVATE Trial: an international cooperative study on surgical versus conservative treatment for odontoid fractures in the elderly

Inclusion criteria • At least 55 years old
  • Acute type II and III odontoid fracture based on the classification by Anderson and d’Alonzo (possibly in combination with other fractures); diagnosed using computed tomography
  • Less than two weeks post injury
  • Informed consent
Exclusion criteria • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Previous treatment for odontoid fracture
  • Communication with patient is hampered (e.g. language barrier, severe cognitive impairment, coma)