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Table 3 Convergent validity: association between OPAQ, HUI, and NHP scales

From: Psychometric properties of the osteoporosis assessment questionnaire (OPAQ) 2.0: results from the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation (MORE) study

OPAQ Scales NHP Emotional Reaction NHP Energy NHP Physical Mobility NHP Pain NHP Sleep NHP Social Interaction HUI
Walking/bending −0.318 −0.567 −0.744 −0.609 −0.321 −0.226 0.525
Standing/sitting −0.293 −0.524 −0.710 −0.667 −0.308 −0.196 0.491
Dressing/reaching −0.211 −0.369 −0.567 −0.435 −0.213 −0.166 0.326
Household/self-care −0.189 −0.380 −0.569 −0.441 −0.194 −0.171 0.336
Transfers −0.254 −0.453 −0.679 −0.598 −0.279 −0.178 0.417
Usual work −0.294 −0.509 −0.554 −0.468 −0.287 −0.230 0.401
Fear of falls −0.352 −0.462 −0.607 −0.459 −0.304 −0.209 0.456
Level of tension −0.587 −0.434 −0.312 −0.279 −0.378 −0.349 0.341
Body image −0.249 −0.307 −0.319 −0.290 −0.227 −0.153 0.266
Independence −0.304 −0.453 −0.571 −0.444 −0.289 −0.230 0.403
Back pain −0.294 −0.493 −0.648 −0.669 −0.335 −0.173 0.496
Fatigue −0.407 −0.607 −0.476 −0.455 −0.481 −0.246 0.443
Social activity −0.156 −0.148 −0.094* −0.075* −0.089* −0.214 0.115*
Support, family and friends −0.293 −0.171 −0.096* −0.093* −0.105 −0.305 0.093*
  1. Abbreviations: HUI = Health Utilities Index; NHP = Nottingham Health Profile; OPAQ = Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire.
  2. Values shown are Pearson correlation coefficients.
  3. *p <0.05; All other p-values <0.0001.