Skip to main content

Table 2 Descriptive statistics of individual, life style and work characteristics among male and female teachers in Botswana

From: Low back pain among school teachers in Botswana, prevalence and risk factors

Characteristics Male (n = 472) Female (n = 1260) Total (n = 1732) P value
Age 36.29 ± 7.02 39.34 ± 9.02 38.50 ± 8.62 <0.001
Body mass index 24.75 ± 5.78 27.55 ± 7.00 26.65 ± 6.76 <0.001
Length of employment 10.14 ± 6.31 13.36 ± 8.82 12.48 ± 8.34 <0.001
Cigarettes/day 5.88 ± 4.78 2.80 ± 1.64 5.59 ± 4.68 0.163
Marital status     0.004
Single 58.7 50.9 53.0  
Married 37.5 42.5 41.2  
Separated/divorced/widowed 3.8 6.6 5.8  
Educational level     <0.001
Certificate 1.7 6.8 5.4  
Diploma 54.9 60.2 58.7  
Bachelor degree 43.4 33.0 35.9  
Number of children less than 6 years     0.210
1 70.3 74.9 73.2  
≥2 29.7 25.1 26.8  
Smoking     <0.001
Smokers 10.8 0.4 3.2  
Ex-smokers 13.6 2.1 5.3  
Never smoked 75.6 97.5 91.5  
Physical exercise per week >5 hours 18.1 10.4 12.8 <0.001
School level     <0.001
Primary school 36.2 66.0 57.9  
Junior secondary 46.4 27.0 32.3  
Senior secondary 17.4 7.0 9.8  
Work hours per week >40 hours 14.6 12.0 12.7 0.166
Number of students >40 11.4 9.5 10.0 <0.001
Involved in extracurricular activities 69.9 65.4 66.6 0.086
  1. P values were derived from either independent t-test for quantitative data or chi-squared test for categorical data. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) are marked in bold.