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Table 2 Means of the outcome measures at specific assessment occasions

From: Pattern of recovery following total shoulder arthroplasty and humeral head replacement

Outcome measure Pre-surgery (95% CI) 6-months (95% CI) 12-months (95% CI) 24-months (95% CI)
ASES     
 HHR 27 (21, 34) 63 (56, 70) 62 (55, 69) 63 (55, 70)
 TSA 34 (31, 38) 73 (70, 77) 80 (77, 83) 80 (77, 84)
RCMS     
 HHR 27 (19, 35) 60 (52, 69) 64 (56, 72) 63 (54, 73)
 TSA 28 (24, 32) 72 (68, 76) 82 (78, 87) 86 (82, 90)
Physical Symptoms     
 HHR 458 (413, 503) 175 (129, 221) 180 (135, 226) 253 (199, 306)
 TSA 410 (388, 432) 128 (106, 150) 100 (77, 122) 98 (76, 121)
Strength     
 HHR 3.6 (2.1, 5.0) 5.4 (3.9, 6.9) 6.4 (4.9, 7.8) 6.8 (5.1, 8.5)
 TSA 4.0 (3.3, 4.7) 6.7 (6.0, 7.4) 8.5 (7.8, 9.2) 9.6 (8.8, 10.3)
Flexion     
 HHR 66 (54, 79) 98 (85, 111) 104 (91, 117) 107 (93, 121)
 TSA 64 (57, 70) 116 (110, 123) 130 (123, 136) 131 (125, 137)
Abduction     
 HHR 51 (38, 64) 83 (70, 97) 93 (80, 107) 84 (71, 98)
 TSA 44 (38, 51) 101 (94, 107) 115 (109, 122) 119 (112, 125)
Ext. Rot.     
 HHR 14 (7.9, 20) 40 (33, 46) 40 (34, 46) 42 (35, 49)
 TSA 13 (10, 16) 42 (39, 45) 47 (44, 50) 47 (44, 50)
  1. Change over time (2-year scores - pre-op scores) was significant for TSA and HHR groups for all measures at p < 0.0001.