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Table 3 Degree of evoked pain before and after analgesia (Mean (sd) VAS measured on a 100 mm scale)

From: An experimental study investigating the effect of pain relief from oral analgesia on lumbar range of motion, velocity, acceleration and movement irregularity

  ALBP Pre ALBP Post t-test CLBP Pre CLBP Post t-test
Flexion 41.1 (24.4) 20.7 (26.4) <0.01 39.6 (20.4) 3.0 (9.5) <.001
Extension 41.2 (19.6) 17.6 (19.8) <.001 40.9 (24.2) 17.2 (25.0) <.001
Side-Bending 40.4 (23.9) 18.3 (22.8) <.001 35.2 (21.9) 10.0 (22.3) <.001
Rotation 38.5 (21.2) 9.7 (17.7) <.001 37.0 (21.9) 7.8 (22.3) <.001
Lifting 31.6 (17.8) 15.2 (22.0) <0.01 52.2 (25.0) 28.3 (27.0) <.001
  1. ALBP; acute low back pain, CLBP; chronic low back pain, VAS; visual analogue scale.