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Table 2 Reproducibility of the ASES index

From: Reliability and validity of the Finnish version of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form, patient self-report section

  Baseline Change from first to second measurement Reproducibility
  Mean (SD) Range Floor* N (%) Ceiling** N (%) Mean (95% CI) [Effect Size] ICC (95% CI) CR (95% CI)
Pain score, all patients (N = 105) 21.9 (14.1) 0-50 5(5) 3(3) 4.0 (1.8 to 6.1) [0.26] 0.66 (0.52 to 0.77) 23 (19 to 28)
Improved (N = 25) 26.9 (14.4) 0-48 2(8) 0(0) 5.8 (0.5 to 11.2) [0.42] 0.50 (0.04 to 0.77) 27 (19 to 38)
Stable (N = 55) 22.3 (14.7) 0-50 2(4) 3(5) 3.9 (0.9 to 7.0) [0.27] 0.68 (0.46 to 0.82) 23 (17 to 29)
Worsened (N = 25) 15.9 (9.8) 0-36 1(4) 0(0) 2.2 (-1.6 to 6.0) [0.19] 0.67 (0.37 to 0.83) 18 (14 to 23)
Function score, all patients (N = 105) 25.5 (11.5) 2-50 0(0) 1(1) 0.2 (-1.3 to 1.6) [0.01] 0.81 (0.71 to 0.88) 14 (11 to 18)
Improved (N = 25) 27.5 (11.4) 3-46 0(0) 0(0) 2.6 (-0.1 to 5.3)[0.23] 0.81 (0.51 to 0.93) 13 (8 to 20)
Stable (N = 55) 26.0 (11.3) 3-50 0(0) 1(2) -1.5 (-3.4 to 0.4) [0.13] 0.83 (0.64 to 0.92) 14 (10 to 19)
Worsened (N = 25) 22.5 (12.1) 1-40 0(0) 0(0) 1.5 (-1.9 to 4.9) [0.12] 0.79 (0.57 to 0.90) 16 (11 to 22)
Total ASES, all patients (N = 105) 47.4 (22.8) 2-99 0(0) 0(0) 4.1 (1.4 to 6.9) [0.18] 0.79 (0.69 to 0.86) 29 (25 to 35)
Improved (N = 25) 54.5 (24.1) 3-93 0(0) 0(0) 8.5 (1.5 to 13.4 )[0.37] 0.69 (0.27 to 0.87) 36 (24 to 52)
Stable (N = 55) 48.3 (22.8) 7-99 0(0) 0(0) 2.4 (-1.2 to 5.9) [0.10] 0.83 (0.70 to 0.90) 26 (21 to 31)
Worsened (N = 25) 38.5 (19.2) 2-73 0(0) 0(0) 3.7 (-2.1 to 9.4) [0.17] 0.77 (0.59 to 0.87) 28 (21 to 35)
  1. *Worst possible value (Pain and function: 0, Total ASES: 0) of the item or minimum total value of the scale.
  2. **Best possible value (Pain and function: 50, Total ASES: 100) of the item or maximum total value of the scale.
  3. ASES American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form, ICC intra-class correlation coefficient, CR coefficient of repeatability.