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Table 6 Pedometer data at baseline and after intervention

From: A systematic review of studies using pedometers as an intervention for musculoskeletal diseases

Study Pedometer intervention Control group
Baseline Post-test MD Baseline Post-test MD
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)   Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Talbot et al.[51] 3519(2603) 4337(2903) 818 4652(2622) 3972(2563) -680
McDonough et al.[53] 5563((N/R) 8339(N/R) 2776 (N/R) (N/R) (N/R)
Fontaine and Haaz[49] 2337(427) 3970(598) 1633 (N.P) (N.P) (N/R)
Toda et al.[52] (N/R) 7500(N/R) (N/R) (N/R) 7300(N/R) (N/R)
Hiyama et al.[55] 4453(1734) 7285(1638) 2829 4425(1627) 4207(1436) -218
Ng et al.[50] 2 N 3920(2441)٭ 6683(3403) 2763 (N.C) (N.C) (N/R)
Krein et al.[54] 4492(2749) 5370(3180) 877 4322(2285) 4682(2925) 360
  1. 2 N = two intervention groups ٭ = for both intervention groups, N/R = not reported, N.C = no control group, N.P = pedometer not applied, SD = Standard Deviation, MD = Mean difference.