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Table 3 GP management of musculoskeletal problems in children: rate per 100 musculoskeletal problems managed (95% CI)

From: Musculoskeletal conditions in children and adolescents managed in Australian primary care

Management Age group (years)
0-4 5-9 10-14 15-17
Boys (n = 253) Girls (n = 266) Boys (n = 333) Girls (n = 324) Boys (n = 833) Girls (n = 705) Boys (n = 612) Girls (n = 467)
Medication 12.65 (8.40-16.90) 14.66 (9.84-19.48) 24.92 (19.78-30.07) 25.31 (19.82-30.80) 25.57 (22.09-29.05) 32.62 (28.40-36.85) 32.52 (27.93-37.10) 39.40 (34.03-44.77)
Prescribed 5.53 (2.50-8.56) 5.26 (2.38-8.14) 6.01 (3.19- 8.82) 7.41 (4.18- 10.64) 9.24 (6.87-11.61) 9.50 (7.01-12.00) 15.69 (12.49-18.89) 17.77 (13.91-21.63)
Advised OTC 6.72 (3.61-9.83) 7.89 (4.19-11.60) 18.02 (13.55-22.49) 16.36 (11.65-21.06) 14.89 (12.19-17.58) 21.56 (18.04-25.08) 14.54 (11.30-17.79) 18.63 (14.67-22.59)
GP supplied 0.40 (0.00-1.17) 1.50 (0.03-2.98) 0.90 (0.00-1.92) 1.54 (0.19-2.90) 1.44 (0.57-2.31) 1.56 (0.42-2.70) 2.29 (0.94-3.64) 3.00 (0.86-5.13)
Other treatments 41.11 (34.11-48.10) 33.08 (26.57-39.60) 46.25 (39.29-53.20) 45.37 (38.09-52.65) 47.30 (42.58-52.02) 50.21 (43.92-56.50) 45.10 (39.23-50.97) 47.54 (41.15-53.93)
Clinical‡ 27.67 (21.74-33.60) 20.30 (15.03-25.57) 21.02 (16.23-25.81) 23.46 (18.76-28.16) 24.01 (20.70-27.32) 24.26 (20.20-28.41) 23.04 (18.62-27.46) 25.48 (20.85-30.11)
Procedural§ 13.44 (8.68-18.20) 12.78 (8.42-17.15) 25.23 (19.77-30.68) 21.91 (16.32-27.50) 23.29 (19.96-26.62) 25.96 (21.61-30.31) 22.06 (18.21-25.91) 22.06 (17.44-26.68)
Referrals 19.37 (14.08-24.65) 23.68 (18.20-29.17) 16.22 (12.03-20.40) 12.35 (8.65-16.05) 16.93 (14.25-19.60) 16.45 (13.71-19.20) 23.53 (19.79-27.27) 23.13 (19.09-27.16)
Hospital 1.98 (0.25-3.70) 1.13 (0.00-2.41) 0.60 (0.00-1.43) 1.13 (0.00-2.41) 1.08 (0.37-1.79) 0.57 (0.02-1.12) 0.82 (0.10-1.53) 0.21 (0.00-0.63)
Specialist 12.25 (7.95-16.55) 15.41 (11.00-19.83) 8.41 (5.27-11.55) 5.56 (2.90-8.21) 7.32 (5.48-9.17) 6.52 (4.66-8.39) 10.95 (8.41-13.48) 10.06 (7.26-12.87)
Allied health services 4.35 (1.82-6.87) 5.26 (2.36-8.16) 5.71 (2.98-8.43) 4.94 (2.57-7.31) 7.44 (5.59-9.30) 8.37 (6.32-10.41) 11.11 (8.53-13.70) 11.78 (8.76-14.80)
Emergency department 0.79 (0.00-1.89) 0.75 (0.00-1.79) 1.50 (0.19-2.81) 1.85 (0.38-3.33) 0.84 (0.22-1.46) 0.57 (0.01-1.12) 0.16 (0.00-0.48) 0.43 (0.00-1.02)
Imaging 35.57 (28.85-42.30) 36.47 (30.01-42.92) 35.74 (29.57-41.90) 41.05 (34.70-47.40) 43.46 (39.45-47.46) 37.30 (33.11-41.50) 41.67 (37.18-46.16) 34.05 (29.13-38.97)
Pathology 5.14 (0.00-10.89) 6.02 (0.94 -11.09) 13.21 (3.12-23.31) 7.72 (2.18-13.26) 4.32 (1.54-7.11) 9.93 (4.58-15.28) 12.91 (6.65-19.17) 12.85 (6.30-19.40)
  1. †OTC – over the counter.
  2. Clinical treatments include general and specific advice, counselling or education, family planning, and administrative processes.
  3. §Procedural treatments include therapeutic actions and diagnostic procedures undertaken at the encounter.