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Table 1 Study inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: The effectiveness of a stratified group intervention using the STarTBack screening tool in patients with LBP - a non randomised controlled trial

Age 18–65 years
Diagnosis Mechanical low back pain
Duration Greater than 3 months duration
Language English speaking and English literate
Consent Willing and able to give full consent
Pathology Suspected or confirmed serious spinal pathology (cauda equine syndrome, fracture, metastatic, inflammatory spinal disease, pre-existing neurological condition)
Past medical history Illicit drug use, spinal surgery, spinal cord stimulator implantation, cardiac history, psychiatric illness or personality disorder, intellectual disorder
Pregnancy Suspected or confirmed pregnancy