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Table 3 Table of description of main aspects of studies

From: The effectiveness of land based exercise compared to decompressive surgery in the management of lumbar spinal-canal stenosis: a systematic review

Study Participants Intervention arms Outcome measure
Exercise    
Goren et al. (2010) n = 34 1 Exercise and ultrasound ODI
   2 Exercise and sham ultrasound  
Koc et al. (2009) n = 29 1 Exercise and electrotherapy RMQ
   2 Exercise and epidural steroid  
   3 Exercise only  
Malmivaara et al. (2007) n = 44 1 Exercise ODI
Pua et al. (2007) n = 68 1 Treadmill mODI, RMQ
   2 Cycling  
Sahin et al. (2009) n = 45 1 Exercise RMQ
   2 Exercise and calcitonin  
Whitman et al. (2006) n = 58 1 Flexion exercise and walking mODI
   2 Exercise and manual therapy  
Decompressive surgery    
Athiviraham & Yen (2007) n = 54 1 Bilateral laminectomy RMQ
Cavusoglu et al. (2007) n = 50 1 Laminectomy ODI
Chopko & Caraway (2010) n = 78 1 Minimally invasive decompression ODI
Malmivaara et al. (2007) n = 50 1 Segmental decompression ODI
Sobottke et al. (2010) n = 25 1 Minimally invasive decompression ODI
Thome et al. (2005) n = 40 1 Bilateral laminotomy RMQ
   2 Unilateral laminotomy  
   3 Laminectomy  
Weinstein et al. (2008) n = 398 1 Laminectomy mODI
Yasar et al. (2009) n = 125 1 Laminectomy ODI
  1. ODI = Oswestry Disability Index; mODI = Modified Oswestry Disability Index; RMQ = Roland-Morris Questionnaire