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Table 2 Comparison of frequency of clinical characteristics in postmenopausal women (n = 225), according to bone mineral density (BMD)

From: Evaluation of postural balance in postmenopausal women and its relationship with bone mineral density- a cross sectional study

Characteristics N BMD > -2 DP (n = 140) BMD ≤ -2 DP (n = 85) p-value*
Fall     0.055
Yes 130 64 (45.7) 66 (77.6)  
No 95 76 (54.2) 19 (22.3)  
Fall with fractures     0.054
Yes 21 8 (5.7) 13 (15.2)  
No 204 132 (94.2) 72 (84.7)  
Currently smoking     0.749
Yes 40 24 (14.7) 16 (18.8)  
No 185 116 (82.8) 69 (81.1)  
Use of hormone therapy     < 0.001
Yes 102 79 (56.4) 23 (27.0)  
No 123 61 (27.1) 62 (72.9)  
Physical exercise (PE)     0.618
Yes 76 49 (35.0) 27 (31.7)  
No 149 91 (65.0) 58 (68.2)  
Frequency of PE     0.893
Yes 46 32 (22.8) 14 (16.4)  
No 30 20 (14.2) 10 (38.8)  
Corrected Visual Deficit     0.495
Yes 194 119 (85.0) 75 (88.2)  
No 31 21 (15.0) 10 (11.7)  
  1. SD standard-deviance
  2. Data are expressed in numbers and in percentage between parentheses
  3. *Statistical difference between groups p < 0.05 (Chi-Square Test)