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Table 4 Mean (SD) values and 95% confidence interval for the exploratory outcomes.

From: A randomised controlled trial of preventive spinal manipulation with and without a home exercise program for patients with chronic neck pain

Outcome measure Group Baseline Initiation of RCT Mid-trial End of trial
FABQ 1/42* Attention-control 14.7 ± 8.5 (11.5 to 17.9) 14.0 ± 9.0 (10.5 to 17.4) 7.8 ± 8.5 (4.4 to 11.1) 8.8 ± 9.5(5.2 to 12.4)
  SMT 10.4 ± 9.2 (7.2 to 13.6) 10.5 ± 8.1 (7.7 to 13.3) 6.9 ± 7.8 (4.2 to 9.6) 6.2 ± 8.1 (3.5 to 9.0)
  SMT + Exercises 11 ± 11.0 (7.2 to 14.8) 7.6 ± 8.7 (4.5 to 10.6) 6.1 ± 9.0 (3.2 to 9.2) 4.7 ± 9.5 (1.5 to 8.0)
FABQ 2/24** Attention-control 8.2 ± 7.4 (5.5 to 11.0) 7.7 ± 7.4 (4.9 to 10.5) 7.2 ± 6.9 (4.6 to 9.8) 5.4 ± 5.8 (3.2 to 7.6)
  SMT 7.2 ± 6.1 (5.1 to 9.3) 6.2 ± 6.6 (3.9 to 8.5) 4.8 ± 6.1 (2.7 to 6.9) 5.7 ± 5.2 (3.9 to 7.5)
  SMT + Exercises 7.7 ± 7.8 (5.0 to 10.4) 5.8 ± 7.2 (3.2 to 8.3) 3.3 ± 6.6 (1.0 to 5.6) 2.0 ± 5.8 (0.1 to 4.0)
SF-12 (physical) Attention-control 47.3 ± 8.5 (44.2 to 50.5) 47.5 ± 9.0 (44.1 to 50.9) 50.5 ± 9.3 (47.1 to 54.0) 52.1 ± 8.2 (49.0 to 55.2)
  SMT 48.9 ± 6.4 (46.7 to 51.1) 52.1 ± 8.4 (49.8 to 55.0) 51.1 ± 7.8 (48.5 to 53.8) 53.1 ± 6.9 (50.7 to 55.5)
  SMT + Exercises 49.9 ± 8.7 (47.0 to 52.9) 51.7 ± 7.8 (49.1 to 54.4) 52.1 ± 7.8 (49.5 to 54.8) 54.1 ± 7.2 (51.7 to 56.6)
SF-12 (mental) Attention-control 51.3 ± 9.3 (47.7 to 54.8) 51.0 ± 11.9 (46.4 to 55.5) 52.6 ± 11.4 (48.2 to 56.9) 49.9 ± 10.1 (46.1 to 53.7)
  SMT 47.9 ± 9.8 (44.5 to 51.3) 48.3 ± 10.1 (44.8 to 51.8) 49.6 ± 9.8(46.3 to 53.0) 52.3 ± 8.4 (49.3 to 55.2)
  SMT + Exercises 47.5 ± 10.1 (43.9 to 51.0) 47.2 ± 10.1 (43.6 to 50.7) 48.5 ± 9.8(45.1 to 51.9) 49.8 ± 8.7 (46.9 to 52.8)
  1. * FABQ 1 = Fear avoidance behaviour questionnaire - Work related score, maximum score of 42.
  2. ** FABQ 2 = Fear avoidance behaviour questionnaire - Physical activity related score, maximum score of 24.