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Table 4 Psychological and social factors associated with the course of self-reported limitations in activities: results from the univariate analyses*

From: Vitality and the course of limitations in activities in osteoarthritis of the hip or knee

  Knee OA Hip OA
  (N = 174) (N = 123)
WOMAC t0 0.543‡ 0.547‡
Social support 0.103 0.075
PCI pain transformation 0.038 0.03
PCI reduction demands -0.155† -0.064
PCI distraction 0.027 -0.081
PCI retreating -0.112 ∫ -0.125
PCI resting 0.103 0.03
PCI worrying -0.081 -0.019
SF36 vitality 0.216 ‡ 0.172 †
SF 36 mental health 0.164 † 0.108
One person in household -0.016 -0.11
  1. *standardized β's are presented; † p < 0.05; ‡ p < 0.01; ∫ p < 0.1
  2. WOMAC: Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index; OA: osteoarthritis; N: number; PCI: pain coping inventory; SF36: MOS 36 item Short Form Health Survey.