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Table 2 Differences in pressure pain thresholds (kPa) over c5-c6 zygapophyseal joint, deltoid muscle, second metacarpal and tibialis anterior muscles between professional pianists with insidious neck pain and pianists without neck pain

From: Analysis of deep tissue hypersensitivity to pressure pain in professional pianists with insidious mechanical neck pain

  C5-C6 joint Deltoid muscle Second metacarpal* Tibialis anterior*
Professional pianists with insidious neck pain
Dominant 208.8 ± 62.2 (180.0-237.7) 256.9 ± 166.1 (200.6-313.2) 166.7 ± 58.9 (142.0-191.3) 343.4 ± 97.8 (301.1-385.6)
Non-dominant 195.1 ± 55.8 (166.3-223.9) 256.2 ± 156.2 (199.9-312.5) 176.2 ± 45.1 (151.6-200.9) 349.4 ± 130.4 (293.5-406.2)
Professional pianists without insidious neck pain
Dominant 227.3 ± 78.1 (197.8-256.7) 288.9 ± 114.1 (231.4-346.5) 202.9 ± 61.4 (178.2-227.6) 465.7 ± 180.2 (381.9-549.6)
Non-dominant 226.7 ± 79.3 (197.3-256.1) 268.5 ± 89.5 (211.1-326.2) 221.9 ± 69.1 (197.3-246.6) 467.7 ± 215.9 (384.0-551.7)
  1. Values (kPa) are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (95% confidence interval)
  2. * Significant differences between both groups controls (2-two way ANOVA test)