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Table 2 Range of scapular movement during 30°-120° arm elevation in three groups of patients with chronic neck pain: mean (sd)

From: Influence of pain location and hand dominance on scapular kinematics and EMG activities: an exploratory study

  Pain on dominant side (n = 9) Pain on non-dominant side (n = 9) Pain on both sides (n = 12)
Scapular posterior/anterior tilt    
   Dominant scapula 5.13° (2.72°) 11.63° (6.25°) 7.44° (3.02°)
   Non-dominant scapula 4.88° (2.68°) 7.12° (4.05°) 6.42° (2.84°)
Scapular upward/downward rotation    
   Dominant scapula 25.78° (6.24°) 22.56° (10.21°) 28.03° (3.84°)
   Non-dominant scapula 28.91° (8.35°) 25.13° (13.07°) 27.21° (3.66°)
Scapular internal/external rotation    
   Dominant scapula 11.73° (4.31°) 9.00° (5.01°) 12.50° (5.48°)
   Non-dominant scapula 12.82° (5.93°) 10.23° (6.05°) 11.89° (6.29°)