Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients

From: Overlap of cognitive concepts in chronic widespread pain: An exploratory study

Sex (female) 92.5%
Age, years 45.5 (10.5)
Ethnicity:  
   Dutch 75.4%
   Surinam/Antillean 10.4%
   Other 14.1%
Education:  
   Primary 17.9
   Secondary 48.5%
   High 33.6%
Pain duration in months 84.0 (36.0; 177.0)
NRS Pain 6.2 (2.1)
FIQ Fatigue 8.3 (1.6)
BDI-II Depression 21.3 (8.8)
IPQ Emotional representation 19.1 (4.7)
IPQ Illness coherence 15.2 (4.8)
IPQ Consequence 20.8 (4.3)
IPQ Timeline 23.5 (4.0)
IPQ Timeline cyclical 15.2 (3.2)
IPQ Personal control 18.6 (4.4)
IPQ Treatment control 16.2 (2.9)
CSQ Perceived pain control 4.9 (2.4)
CSQ Catastrophizing 6.1 (2.8)
CSQ Praying and hoping 4.0 (2.0; 6.0)
CSQ Positive self statements 5.0 (2.0; 7.0)
CSQ Denial pain sensations 6.0 (2.0; 8.0)
CSQ Diverting attention 4.0 (2.0; 8.0)
CSQ Reinterpreting pain 3.0 (1.0; 7.0)
TSK Fear-avoidance 28.4 (7.0)
DGSS General self-efficacy 2.90 (0.6)
  1. Values are means (SD), medians (IQR) or percentages, BDI = Beck Depression Inventory, CSQ = Coping Scale Questionnaire, DGSS = Dutch, General Self-efficacy Scale, FIQ = Fibromyalgia, Impact Questionnaire, IPQ = Illness Perception Questionnaire, NRS = Numerical Rating Scale, TSK = Tampa scale for Kinesiofobia
\