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Table 1 Indices of symptom severity and disability in subjects with LBP

From: Reduced thoracolumbar fascia shear strain in human chronic low back pain

   Males Females p-value
McGill pain questionnaire
(# of words circled)
  7.1 ± 0.5 8.2 ± 0.9 p = .31
Duration of pain (years)   12.9 ± 1.7 13.5 ± 2.5 p = .83
Pain level (0-10 Scale)   2.8 ± 0.4 3.5 ± 0.4 p = .24
Current pain intensity on day of testing (0-10 scale)   1.5 ± 0.3 2.5 ± 0.4 p = .053
Exacerbation intensity (0-10 scale)   6.1 ± 0.4 5.2 ± 0.4 p = .17
Exacerbation frequency (%) Yearly 23 3 p = .01
  Monthly 20 32  
  Weekly 14 39  
  Daily 43 26  
Exacerbation duration (days)   50.1 ± 21.5 39. 9 ± 20.9 p = .73
Initial injury (%)   33 48 p = .20
Oswestry Mild (0-20) 71 58 p = .56
disability Moderate (21-40) 26 39  
scale (%) Severe (>40) 3 3  
TAMPA kinesiophobia scale   39.9 ± 0.9 35.1 ± 1.0 p < .001
Von Korff (%) Recurrent 42 45 p = .77
  Chronic 58 55  
  1. Note. All measures were reported via take-home questionnaires except the current pain intensity measure which was reported on the day of testing. Values represent Mean ± SE unless otherwise indicated.