Skip to main content

Table 3 Direct and indirect costs of musculoskeletal disease in Korea, 2008

From: The economic burden of musculoskeletal disease in Korea: A cross sectional study

   Direct costs Indirect costs Total costs
Age group Population Direct medical care costs Direct non-medical care costs Total direct costs    
  (thousand persons) Paid by insurer Paid by patient OTC drugs costs Other costs Total direct medical care costs* Transportation Caregiver costs   Lost productivity Cost of premature death  
Male             
0-19 years 6,168 17,954 39,549 47 97 57,647 506 2,901 61,054 0 640 61,694
20-64 years 16,216 443,446 361,346 2,092 4,760 811,644 11,144 66,877 889,666 753,139 31,248 1,674,052
≥65 years 2,032 368,355 169,309 2,099 1,879 541,643 7,518 43,610 592,771 0 0 592,771
Male Cost 24,416 829,756 570,204 4,239 6,736 1,410,934 19,169 113,388 1,543,491 753,139 31,888 2,328,517
Female             
0-19 years 5,567 35,514 22,019 43 83 57,658 474 3,992 62,125 0 2,505 64,630
20-64 years 15,640 877,142 625,749 4,761 11,667 1,519,320 22,484 92,053 1,633,856 1,530,437 45,028 3,209,321
≥65 years 2,984 728,612 459,014 2,377 6,494 1,196,497 26,857 60,027 1,283,382 0 0 1,283,382
Female Cost 24,191 1,641,268 1,106,783 7,181 18,244 2,773,475 49,815 156,073 2,979,363 1,530,437 47,533 4,557,333
Total Cost 48,607 2,471,024 1,676,987 11,419 24,980 4,184,409 68,984 269,461 4,522,854 2,283,575 79,421 6,885,850
  1. OTC drugs: Over the counter drugs, Unit: thousand dollars
  2. *Sum of costs paid by insurer + costs paid by patients + OTC drugs costs+ other costs
  3. Sum of direct costs + indirect costs.