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Table 3 Mean baseline scores for the three Multidimensional Pain Inventory cluster groups

From: Differences in pain, function and coping in Multidimensional Pain Inventory subgroups of chronic back pain: a one-group pretest-posttest study

Subscales Interpersonally distressed
n = 61 (SD)
Adaptive copers
n = 56 (SD)
Dysfunctional
n = 50 (SD)
SF-36 (100 = best)    
   Physical functioning 46.0 (20.7) 43.1 (22.2) 34.7 (19.6)
   Bodily pain 23.5 (12.7) 19.5 (11.1) 14.0 (12.8)
   Vitality 28.2 (16.6) 35.7 (14.6) 18.2 (15.3)
   Mental health 46.8 (20.4) 57.8 (19.1) 33.4 (13.9)
HADS (100 = no anxiety or depression)    
   Anxiety 52.5 (22.1) 60.5 (18.5) 37.5 (15.4)
   Depression 57.5 (20.1) 65.1 (18.4) 39.9 (18.3)
CSQ (100 = best)    
   Catastrophizing 50.2 (17.9) 51.2 (15.4) 35.1 (17.2)
   Increasing activity level 55.6 (15.0) 63.8 (13.4) 51.5 (16.9)
   Ability to control pain 48.0 (24.4) 48.5 (22.1) 33.3 (22.8)
   Ability to decrease pain 38.7 (20.4) 36.9 (19.3) 32.3 (23.4)
  1. n = number of patients; SD = standard deviation; SF-36 = Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 36; HADS = Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; CSQ = Coping Strategies Questionnaire