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Table 2 Analysis of the Quadruple Visual Analogue Scale (QVAS) questionnaire and results of the overall pain question from the MPQ-SF and frequency of LBP episodes.

From: Low back pain in junior Australian Rules football: a cross-sectional survey of elite juniors, non-elite juniors and non-football playing controls

QVAS Elite junior (n = 102) Non-elite junior (n = 60) Control (n = 100)
LBP now mean (SE) 21.32 (2.24) 11.87 (2.02) 6.57 (1.18)
LBP average mean (SE) 21.68 (1.92) 11.90 (1.60) 11.21 (1.28)
LBP best mean (SE) 6.50 (1.13) 2.97 (0.94) 1.67 (0.36)
LBP worst mean (SE) 48.63 (2.83) 39.03 (3.69) 31.71 (2.86)
  Frequency Percentage
Overall pain Elite junior (n = 102) Non-elite junior (n = 60) Control (n = 100) Elite junior (n = 102) Non-elite junior (n = 60) Control (n = 100)
No pain 29 24 41 28.4 40.0 41.0
Mild 43 23 40 42.2 38.3 40.0
Discomforting 24 12 15 23.5 20.0 15.0
Distressing 5 1 4 4.9 1.7 4.0
Horrible 1 0 0 1.0 0 0
Frequency of pain Elite junior (n = 102) Non-elite junior (n = 60) Control (n = 100) Elite junior (n = 102) Non-elite junior (n = 60) Control (n = 100)
No pain 8 6 6 7.8 10.0 6.0
Daily 30 7 12 29.4 11.7 12.0
Weekly 9 7 9 8.8 11.7 9.0
Fortnightly 12 8 7 11.8 13.3 7.0
Monthly 11 4 9 10.8 6.7 9.0
3 Monthly 1 4 8 1.0 6.7 8.0
6 monthly 5 5 15 4.9 8.3 15.0
Yearly 26 19 34 25.5 31.7 34.0