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Table 2 Summary of the included retrospective studies

From: Adverse effects of extra-articular corticosteroid injections: a systematic review

Author, Year of publication Type of study Indication Corticosteroid used Complication (number of cases)
Berthelot 2004 [62] Questionnaire sent to 500 rheumatologist Different rheumatologic diseases Cortivazol Hydrocortisone Betamethasone Paramethasone Tachon's syndrome (n = 318) *
Cill 2004 [98] 48 cases Achilles tendinopathy Triamcinolone 10 mg and 20 mg with bupivacaine 0.25% No major complications, 1 patient (2%) reported purple skin dicoloration
Bjorkman 2004 [99] 27 cases Rupture of the tendon extensor pollicis longus 2 oral corticosteroids and 2 local corticosteroid injections Rupture of the tendon extensor pollicis longus n = 4 associated with use of corticosteroids
Acevedo 1998 [100] 765 cases Plantar fasciitis Triamcinolone 40 mg (122) Plantar fascia rupture (n = 44) **
Astrom 1998 [101] 298 cases Achilles tendinopathy Unknown Preoperative steroid injection was predictive of a partial rupture***
Weinstein 1984 [61] Follow-up of 47 cases Traumatic olecranon bursitis 25 patients received Triamcinolone 20 mg after aspiration septic bursitis (9%) skin atrophy (25%) chronic pain (28%)
  1. * 1 event per 8,000 injections
  2. ** 44 of the 51 plantar fascia ruptures were associated with corticosteroids injection
  3. ***Odds ratio 2.0 (CI 1.3-9.8)