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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and values of outcome measures by allocated treatment

From: Manipulative therapy in addition to usual medical care accelerates recovery of shoulder complaints at higher costs: economic outcomes of a randomized trial

  AMT (n = 79) UMC (n = 71)
Mean age in years 48.4 ± 12.4 47.8 ± 11.8
Female 42 (51) 37 (52)
Dominant side affected 58 (73) 45 (63)
Acute onset of complaints 27 (35) 19 (28)
Mean duration before consultation   
   <6 weeks 28 (35) 28 (39)
   6-12 weeks 25 (32) 22 (32)
   12-26 weeks 10 (13) 11 (15)
   >26 weeks 10 (14) 16 (20)
Previous episodes of shoulder pain   
   None 18 (23) 18 (25)
   1 episode 18 (23) 14 (21)
   2-5 episodes 27 (34) 27 (20)
   >5 episodes 16 (20) 12 (17)
Previous neck complaints 50 (63) 43 (61)
Paid job 56/79 (71%) 47/71 (66%)
Previous sick leave from work   
   None 36/56 (46%) 37/47 (48%)
   <2 weeks 17/56 (30%) 9/47 (19%)
   >2 weeks 3/56 (5%) 4/47 (9%)
Severity of main complaint a 6.9 ± 1.9 6.4 ± 2.1
Shoulder Pain b 17.8 ± 4.7 17.9 ± 4.3
Shoulder Disability c 58.6 ± 28.0 60.7 ± 29.0
General health (EQ5D) d 0.69 ± .19 0.68 ± .18
  1. Presented are number of patients and percentages between brackets [n (%)] or mean scores and standard deviation [mean ± SD). AMT: Manipulative therapy as add-on to UMC. UMC: Usual Medical Care by General Practitioner.
  2. a) Severity of main complaint: rating by the patient for severity the main complaint during the preceding week (11-point scale; 0(best) -10(worst)). b) Shoulder Pain Score: rating by the patient for the experienced pain in rest, pain in motion, nightly pain, sleeping problems caused by pain, incapability of lying on the painful side, degree of radiation and general pain (all 4-point ordinal scales; 1(no pain)- 4 (severe pain)), total range: 7(best)-28 worst). c) Shoulder Disability Questionnaire: rating by the patient for the functional status of the shoulder in the preceding 24 hours (16 items; not applicable/yes/no). Presented score is the percentage of positive items in the total applicable items, total range: 0(best)-100(worst). d) EuroQol: health related quality of life (5 items; 3-point ordinal scale), total range: -1(worst)-+1(best).