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Table 2 Crude and Adjusted odds ratios for effect of pathway on select patient outcomes *

From: Decreasing medical complications for total knee arthroplasty: Effect of Critical Pathways on Outcomes

Outcome % Observed events with pathway % Observed events without pathway Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)
Mortality 0.54 1.05 0.51 (0.29-0.89) 0.55 (0.32-0.93)
Myocardial Infarction 0.79 1.28 0.62 (0.38-1.0) 0.63 (0.37-1.08)
Pneumonia 1.37 2.15 0.63 (0.43-0.92) 0.66(0.43-1.02)
Pulmonary Embolus 0.78 1.28 0.61 (0.37-0.99) 0.59 (0.35-1.01)
Infection 0.35 0.35 1.0 (0.41-2.4) 0.98 (0.43-2.24)
Composite 3.43 4.83 0.69 (0.54-0.90) 0.68 (0.50-0.92)
  1. *Adjusted for both patient level (age, gender, Medicaid eligibility) and hospital level (hospital volume, surgeon volume, hospital characteristics) factors. Composite score was defined as having any one of the mentioned perioperative complications listed.