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Table 3 Diet quality scores in males and females (percentage meeting least optimal, semi-optimal and optimal intakes)

From: Spinal pain and nutrition in adolescents - an exploratory cross-sectional study

  Males Females Gender difference
Food score Least optimal Semi- optimal Optimal Least optimal Semi- optimal optimal Chi Sq p
Cereal Score 12.5 58.2 29.3 25.7 61.5 12.8% 79.8 <0.001
Vegetable Score 57.3 37.2 5.4 52.3 40.1 7.6% 5.0 0.081
Fruit Score 23.1 23.1 53.8 19.8 26.1 54.0% 3.1 0.208
Dairy Score 24.3 44.3 31.4 47.1 38.9 13.9% 102.6 <0.001
Meat Score 0.1 2.4 97.4 0.7 4.9 94.4% 9.1 0.011
Extra Score 32.6 32.3 35.1 24.6 27.0 48.4% 26.9 <0.001
Fat Score 0.5 83.0 16.4 1.0 82.6 16.4% 1.0 0.606
Saturated Fat score 56.1 38.9 5.0 50.4 44.3 5.3% 4.7 0.094
Protein Score 0.0 2.0 98.0 0.0 1.29 98.7% 1.2 0.272
Fibre Score 9.2 58.4 32.3 4.2 47.1 48.7% 46.0 <0.001
Calcium Score 4.6 30.3 65.1 11.4 46.8 41.8% 82.1 <0.001
Iron Score 0.0 4.6 95.4 0.0 12.64 87.4% 29.6 <0.001