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Table 4 Predictors of change in health-related quality of life (delta MHAQ, delta PCS, and delta MCS) and global quality of life (delta QOLS) in both patients with low-energy distal radius fracture (n = 160) and controls (n = 169).

From: No long-term impact of low-energy distal radius fracture on health-related quality of life and global quality of life: a case-control study

  MHAQ Adj B (95% CI) p PCS Adj B (95% CI) p MCS Adj B (95% CI) p QOLS Adj B (95% CI) P
Demographic         
Age* -0.06 0.878 -0.90 0.101 -0.09 0.885 -0.48 0.520
  (-0.90, 0.77)   (-1.97, 0.18)   (-0.14, 0.12)   (-1.74, 0.88)  
Male -0.24 0.840 0.03 0.984 -0.77 0.662 -2.16 0.222
  (-2.56, 2.08)   (-2.87, 2.93)   (-4.24, 2.70)   (-5.62, 1.32)  
Female Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Education 0.83 0.060 1.37 0.017 -0.27 0.690 0.57 0.390
  (-0.04, 1.69)   (0.25, 2.48)   (-1.60, 1.06)   (-0.74, 1.88)  
Living alone -0.11 0.877 -0.59 0.517 2.85 0.009 0.22 0.837
  (-1.51, 1.29)   (-2.37, 1.20)   (0.71, 4.99)   (-1. 92, 2.37)  
Living together Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Clinical         
Radius patients -0.23 0.744 -0.51 0.574 -1.24 0.258 0.53 0.619
  (-1.62, 1.16)   (-0.56, 0.57)   (-3.39, 0.91)   (-1.58, 2.65)  
Controls Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Osteopenia** -1.22 0.143 -1.08 0.301 -0.76 0.547 -2.41 0.051
  (-2.85, 0.41)   (-3.14, 0.97)   (-3.21, 1.71)   (-4.82, 0.01)  
Osteoporosis** -1.59 0.118 -0.69 0.597 0.98 0.531 -2.35 0.131
  (-3.58, 0.41)   (-3.26, 1.88)   (-2.1 0, 4.05)   (-5.39, 0.70)  
Normal BMD Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
BMI -0.20 0.019 -0.15 0.178 -0.06 0.630 -0.25 0.054
  (-0.37, -0.03)   (-0.36, 0.07)   (-0.19, 0.32)   (-0.51, -0.01)  
Co-morbidity -0.01 0.965 -0.77 0.112 -0.92 0.075 -0.92 0.077
  (-0.67, 0.64)   (-1.71, 0.18)   (-1.24, 1.97)   (-1.94, 0.10)  
≥ 1 fall in the last year -1.04 (-2.39, 0.32) 0.132 -1.13 (-2.86, 0.60) 0.201 0.67 (-1.42, 2.76) 0.527 -0.06 (-2.10, 1.98) 0.953
No fall Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
HRQOL/GQOL         
MHAQ incl -0.31 <0.001       
  (-0.41, 0.14)        
PCS incl    -0.39 (-0.50, -0.28) <0.001     
MCS incl      -0.36 (-0.47, -0.25) <0.001   
QOLS incl        -0.25 (-0.36, -0.13) <0.001
R 2 adj 15.5%   17.7%   16.9%   11.0%  
  1. Regression analyses of demographics, clinical characteristics, and rescaled MHAQ at inclusion of changes in MHAQ/SF-36 at inclusion on change in SF-36/QOLS at inclusion of changes in QOLS. Adjusted unstandardized regression coefficients, 95% CI, p values.
  2. P-values marked with bold indicate statistically significance.
  3. * Age in decades.
  4. ** Osteopenia/osteoporosis at total hip and/or spine L2-L4.
  5. BMD = bone mineral density, BMI = body mass index, MHAQ = Mean total MHAQ (rescaled MHAQ, range 0–100, where 100 means favourable perception of ability to perform activities of daily living), PCS = physical component summary, MCS = mental component summary (range 0 – 100, where 100 means perfect health), QOLS = quality of life scale (range 16 – 112), where 112 means high GQOL