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  1. β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is a popular synthetic bone graft substitute with excellent osteoconductive properties and bioabsorbability. However, its osteoinductive properties are inferior to those of autol...

    Authors: Hironori Sugimoto, Yusuke Inagaki, Akira Furukawa, Tsutomu Kira, Sachiko Kawasaki, Yoshinobu Uchihara, Manabu Akahane and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:673

    Content type: Research

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  2. Unstable ankle fractures represent a substantial burden of disease, accounting for a mean hospital stay of nine days, a mean cost of £4,491 per patient and 20,000 operations per year. There is variation in UK ...

    Authors: C. P. Bretherton, H. A. Claireaux, J. Achten, A. Athwal, S. J. Dutton, N. Peckham, S. Petrou, R. S. Kearney, D. Appelbe and X. L. Griffin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:672

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. The active hip abduction test (AHAbd) is widely used to evaluate lumbopelvic stability, but the onset of trunk muscle activation during the test in individuals with recurrent low back pain (rLBP) has not been ...

    Authors: Tadanobu Suehiro, Hiroshi Ishida, Kenichi Kobara, Hiroshi Osaka and Chiharu Kurozumi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:671

    Content type: Research

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  4. Diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), especially chronic PJI, is very confusing and challenging. The value of C-reactive protein (CRP) in infectious diseases has been recognized, but the diagnosti...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Leilei Qin, Jiawei Wang, Ning Hu and Wei Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:670

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Chronic back pain is known to be associated with altered tactile acuity. Tactile acuity is measured using the Two-Point Discrimination (TPD) test in both clinical and research settings. In subjects with chroni...

    Authors: Rita Morf, Fabian Pfeiffer, Sabina Hotz-Boendermaker, André Meichtry and Hannu Luomajoki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:666

    Content type: Research

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  6. During a seizure, there is a powerful and forceful contraction of muscles which may lead to fractures or joint dislocations. However, multiple periprosthetic hip fractures and joint dislocations secondary to s...

    Authors: Qingyu Zhang, Fuqiang Gao, Wei Sun and Zirong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:664

    Content type: Case report

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  7. To indicate whether combined topical and intravenous (IV) administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) could further reduce the blood loss after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) compared with IV-TX...

    Authors: Yulei Dong, Jinqian Liang, Bingdu Tong, Jianxiong Shen, Hong Zhao and Qiyi Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:663

    Content type: Research

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  8. There is paucity of studies applying fat suppressed (FS) technique to T2 mapping to overcome chemical shift artifacts. The purpose of the study is to difference between FS T2 and conventional T2 mapping and re...

    Authors: Bo Ram Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Hee-Dong Chae, Sung Hwan Hong and Ja-Young Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:662

    Content type: Research

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  9. Musculoskeletal disorders are a key cause of morbidity in elderly people. How musculoskeletal disorders relate to healthy life expectancy remain elusive. Hence, we aimed to estimate gains in healthy life expec...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Ritsuno, Miyuki Kawado, Mitsuhiro Morita, Harumoto Yamada, Arihiko Kanaji, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Shuji Hashimoto and Nobuyuki Fujita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:661

    Content type: Research

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  10. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of gelatin sponge impregnated with ropivacaine on postoperative pain after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in patients with lumbar degene...

    Authors: Shanxi Wang, Bo Wang, Xiaojun Yu, Tian Ma, Mubotu C. Ntambale, Jiyuan Yan, Qing Ding, Ruizhuo Zhang, Hua Wu and Chaoxu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:660

    Content type: Research

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  11. Clinical outcomes amongst Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients have shown satisfactory results being reported after lumbar surgery. The increased adoption of the interbody fusion technique has been due to a high...

    Authors: Kuan-Kai Tung, Yun-Che Wu, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Wen-Xian Lu, Ning-Chien Chin, Cheng-Min Shih, Fang-Wei Hsu and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:658

    Content type: Research

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  12. The incidence of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing, especially among younger working-age patients. However, dissatisfaction rates in this population are higher than among older patients. The aim of t...

    Authors: Sanni Leppänen, Mika Niemeläinen, Heini Huhtala and Antti Eskelinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:657

    Content type: Research

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  13. Low back pain (LBP) is often a complex problem requiring interdisciplinary management to address patients’ multidimensional needs. Providing inpatient care for patients with LBP in primary care hospitals is a ...

    Authors: Emanuel Brunner, André Meichtry, Davy Vancampfort, Reinhard Imoberdorf, David Gisi, Wim Dankaerts, Anita Graf, Stefanie Wipf Rebsamen, Daniela Suter, Lukas Martin Wildi, Stefan Buechi and Cornel Sieber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:656

    Content type: Research

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  14. Rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions is based mainly on comprehensive progressive exercise programmes using a multi-dimensional approach. Elastic knee sleeves may be useful...

    Authors: Gisela Sole, Peter Lamb, Todd Pataky, Stefan Klima, Pierre Navarre and Niels Hammer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:655

    Content type: Research

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  15. Mechanic strength, pore morphology and size are key factors for the three-dimensional (3D) printing of porous titanium scaffolds, therefore, developing optimal structure for the 3D printed titanium scaffold to...

    Authors: Jiajie Yang, Yaqiang Li, Xiaojian Shi, Meihua Shen, Kaibing Shi, Lingjie Shen and Chunxi Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:654

    Content type: Research

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  16. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of unsuspected PJI when prosthetic revisions are thoroughly evaluated by PJI dedicated orthopedic surgeon before surgery. The hypothesis is that the i...

    Authors: Daniel Pérez-Prieto, Pedro Hinarejos, Albert Alier, Lluïsa Sorlí, Santos Martínez, Lluís Puig and Juan C. Monllau

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:653

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoporotic fractures impose significant costs on society. The objective of this study was to estimate the direct costs of the hip, vertebral, and forearm fractures in the first year after fracture incidence ...

    Authors: Marziyeh Rajabi, Afshin Ostovar, Ali Akbari Sari, Sayed Mahmoud Sajjadi-Jazi, Noushin Fahimfar, Bagher Larijani and Rajabali Daroudi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:651

    Content type: Research

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  18. Knee disorders are highly prevalent and may be a disabling condition. An accurate diagnosis is necessary to guide toward a rapid and efficient management of knee disorders. However, the ability to make a valid...

    Authors: Véronique Lowry, Alec Bass, Tatiana Vukobrat, Simon Décary, Patrick Bélisle, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre and François Desmeules

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:650

    Content type: Research

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  19. At present, the most effective and mature treatment after ACL injury and tear is ACL reconstruction, but the rehabilitation process after ACL reconstruction that is very long, so it is very important to find e...

    Authors: Jianqiang Zhang, Jiyao Ma, Juan Huang, Guoliang Wang, Yilong Huang, Zhenhui Li, Jun Yan, Xiaomin Zeng, Hongli Zhu, Wei Zhao, Yanlin Li and Bo He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:649

    Content type: Research

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  20. Restoration of cervical lordosis after anterior discectomy and fusion is a desirable goal. Proper insertion of the vertebral distraction or Caspar pin can assist lordotic restoration by either putting the tips...

    Authors: Torphong Bunmaprasert, Sittichai Luangkittikong, Menghong Tosinthiti, Supachoke Nivescharoenpisan, Raphi Raphitphan, Nantawit Sugandhavesa, Wongthawat Liawrungrueang and K. Daniel Riew

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:648

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Preoperative psychological distress may be related to dissatisfaction and poorer outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the kind of psychological distress that could influence postoperative sat...

    Authors: Tao Bian, Hongyi Shao, Yixin Zhou, Yong Huang and Yang Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:647

    Content type: Research

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  22. Studies reported that there is a relationship between volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and hemoglobin (HGB) in sickle cell anemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and c...

    Authors: Yumei Zhou, Shengjun Liu, Ximei Wang, Yuhan Fu, Fan Su, Lei Cao, Xiaojuan Zha and Yufeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:645

    Content type: Research

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  23. Manual handling operations (MHO) are tasks performed by hand that require repetitive and forceful hand and arm movements. MHO are currently performed in many workplaces in skilled and unskilled jobs in the pro...

    Authors: Charlotte Mueller, Martha Sauter, Julia Barthelme and Falk Liebers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:644

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Soft tissue defects in the distal third of the leg and malleolus are difficult to cover and often require free tissue transfer, even for small-sized defects. Propeller flaps were designed as an alternative to ...

    Authors: Peng Wang, Fang Lin, Yunhong Ma, Jianbing Wang, Ming Zhou and Yongjun Rui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:643

    Content type: Research

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  25. Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have reported that their pain becomes worse when the local weather changes. However, there is limited evidence verifying the short-term associations between meteorolog...

    Authors: Ling Xin, Jian Liu, Yongjian Zhu and Yanyan Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:641

    Content type: Research

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  26. Low muscle strength has been focused on as an essential characteristic of sarcopenia, and the 30-s chair stand test (CS-30) could be a particularly useful test for assessing muscle strength. While it is specul...

    Authors: Shuji Sawada, Hayao Ozaki, Toshiharu Natsume, Pengyu Deng, Toshinori Yoshihara, Takashi Nakagata, Takuya Osawa, Yoshihiko Ishihara, Tomoharu Kitada, Ken Kimura, Nobuhiro Sato, Shuichi Machida and Hisashi Naito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:639

    Content type: Research

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  27. Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC) is addressed to osteochondral defects of the talus. However, evidence concerning the midterm efficacy and safety of AMIC are limited. This study assessed reliabi...

    Authors: Christian Götze, Christian Nieder, Hanna Felder, Christian Dominik Peterlein and Filippo Migliorini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:638

    Content type: Research

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  28. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the conservative and accelerated rehabilitation protocols in patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in terms of clinical o...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Laura Risi Ambrogioni, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela, Filippo Migliorini, Arianna Carnevale, Emiliano Schena, Ara Nazarian, Joseph DeAngelis and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:637

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Lateral ankle sprain (LAS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries. Numerous studies regarding LAS have been performed. However, there are few studies evaluating the current clinical practice of ort...

    Authors: Takuji Yokoe, Takuya Tajima, Nami Yamaguchi, Yudai Morita and Etsuo Chosa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:636

    Content type: Research

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  30. Total knee arthroplasty is known to successfully alleviate pain and improve function in endstage knee osteoarthritis. However, there is some controversy with regard to the influence of obesity on clinical bene...

    Authors: K Giesinger, JM Giesinger, DF Hamilton, J Rechsteiner and A Ladurner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:635

    Content type: Research

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  31. Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a major cause of low back pain (LBP). Following disc injury, nerve growth factor (NGF) concentrations rise in IVDs, and anti-NGF therapy has been shown to attenuate LB...

    Authors: Yuji Yokozeki, Kentaro Uchida, Ayumu Kawakubo, Mitsufumi Nakawaki, Tadashi Okubo, Masayuki Miyagi, Gen Inoue, Makoto Itakura, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:634

    Content type: Research

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  32. We recently developed a model of stratified exercise therapy, consisting of (i) a stratification algorithm allocating patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) into one of the three subgroups (‘high muscle streng...

    Authors: Jesper Knoop, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Martin van der Esch, Arjan de Zwart, Kim L. Bennell, Marike van der Leeden and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:633

    Content type: Research

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  33. Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction combined with tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) and lateral retinacular release (LRR) is one of the main treatment methods for patellar instability. So far, f...

    Authors: Peng Su, Xiumin Liu, Nengri Jian, Jian Li and Weili Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:632

    Content type: Research

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  34. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WMSs), identify potential factors associated with WMSs, and determine the association between WMSs and fatigue amon...

    Authors: Elahe Hosseini, Hadi Daneshmandi, Azadeh Bashiri and Roxana Sharifian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:629

    Content type: Research

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  35. To preliminarily evaluate the safety and efficacy of the uncovertebral joint fusion cage in a goat model of cervical spine interbody fusion.

    Authors: Yi-Wei Shen, Yi Yang, Hao Liu, Ting-Kui Wu, Li-Tai Ma, Lin Chen, Ling-Yun Hu, Chen Ding, Xin Rong, Bei-Yu Wang, Yang Meng and Ying Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:628

    Content type: Research

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  36. Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic condition characterized by life-long elevations of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In addition to life-threatening cardiovascular complications, intratend...

    Authors: Thomas Michael Zahradnik, Mark Cresswell, Kip Squier, Charlotte Waugh, Liam Brunham, Hazel Screen and Alex Scott

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:627

    Content type: Research

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  37. Pediatric pelvic fractures (PPF) are uncommon among children requiring hospitalization after blunt trauma. The present study explored our experience for the prevalence, patients demographics, clinical characte...

    Authors: Abduljabbar Alhammoud, Isam Moghamis, Husham Abdelrahman, Syed Imran Ghouri, Mohammad Asim, Elhadi Babikir, Hassan Al-Thani and Ayman El-Menyar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:626

    Content type: Research

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  38. Knowledge regarding the biomechanics of the meniscus has grown exponentially throughout the last four decades. Numerous studies have helped develop this knowledge, but these studies have varied widely in their...

    Authors: Amin Mohamadi, Kaveh Momenzadeh, Aidin Masoudi, Kempland C. Walley, Kenny Ierardi, Arun Ramappa, Joseph P. DeAngelis and Ara Nazarian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:625

    Content type: Research

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  39. Musculoskeletal disorders are the leading cause of work-related sick leave and incur substantial socioeconomic costs. With the aging of our society and employees, the problem is exacerbating, and prevention is...

    Authors: Julia Barthelme, Martha Sauter, Charlotte Mueller and Falk Liebers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:624

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Medial meniscal posterior root tears (MMPRTs) are frequently associated with medial compartment osteoarthritis, leading to loss of meniscal hoop tension. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of concurrent...

    Authors: Shin Kyun-Ho, Ryoo Hyun-Jae, Jang Ki-Mo and Han Seung-Beom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:623

    Content type: Research

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  41. Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) remains the gold standard for treatment of debilitating symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Even though providing satisfactory results for the majority of patients, some studies...

    Authors: Rachid Rassir, Inger N. Sierevelt, Marjolein Schager and Peter A. Nolte

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:622

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The depth of bolt in Femoral neck system (FNS, DePuy Synthes, Oberdorf, Switzerland) is difficult to finely control as the length of the bolt is in units of 5 mm. Thus, this study introduces a method to contro...

    Authors: Yonghan Cha, Ji-Ung Song, Jun-Il Yoo, Ki Hoon Park, Jung-Taek Kim, Chan Ho Park and Won-Sik Choy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:621

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

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