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  1. The diagnosis of discogenic back pain often leads to spinal fusion surgery and may partly explain the recent rapid increase in lumbar fusion operations in the United States. Little is known about how patients ...

    Authors: Richard A Deyo, Sohail K Mirza, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner and Brook I Martin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:24
  2. The Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) is a self-report questionnaire developed specifically to evaluate disability in persons with pathology of the rotator cuff of the shoulder. The authors created ite...

    Authors: Jean Wessel, Helen Razmjou, Yasmin Mewa and Richard Holtby
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:22
  3. Stepping-down is preceded by a shift of the center of mass towards the supporting side and forward. The ability to control both balance and lower limb movement was investigated in knee osteoarthritis patients ...

    Authors: L Mouchnino, N Gueguen, C Blanchard, C Boulay, G Gimet, J-M Viton, J-P Franceschi and A Delarque
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:21
  4. Pharmacological treatment for osteoarthritis (OA) can be divided into two groups: symptom-modifying drugs and disease-modifying drugs. Symptom-modifying drugs are currently the prescription of choice for patie...

    Authors: Rianne M Rozendaal, Bart W Koes, Harrie Weinans, Elian J Uitterlinden, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Abida Z Ginai, Jan AN Verhaar and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:20
  5. There is considerable controversy regarding the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the management of plantar heel pain. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of randomised controlled tr...

    Authors: Colin E Thomson, Fay Crawford and Gordon D Murray
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:19
  6. Tibial osteotomy is a treatment for younger and/or physically active patients suffering from uni-compartmental knee osteoarthritis. The open wedge osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique includes the use of ...

    Authors: Annette W-Dahl, Sören Toksvig-Larsen and Ewa M Roos
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:18
  7. In clinical practice, visual gait observation is often used to determine gait disorders and to evaluate treatment. Several reliability studies on observational gait analysis have been described in the literatu...

    Authors: Jaap J Brunnekreef, Caro JT van Uden, Steven van Moorsel and Jan GM Kooloos
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:17
  8. We have previously proposed a theoretical model for studying physical disability and other outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this paper is to test a model of impairment and functional limit...

    Authors: Agustín Escalante, Roy W Haas and Inmaculada del Rincón
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:16
  9. Sporadic and sometimes contradictory studies have indicated changes in satellite cell behaviour associated with the progressive nature of human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Satellite cell proliferation a...

    Authors: Marion M Schuierer, Christopher J Mann, Heidi Bildsoe, Clare Huxley and Simon M Hughes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:15
  10. It is known that the back muscles of scoliotic subjects present abnormalities in their fiber type composition. Some researchers have hypothesized that abnormal fiber composition can lead to paraspinal muscle d...

    Authors: Nathaly Gaudreault, A Bertrand Arsenault, Christian Larivière, Sophie J DeSerres and Charles-Hilaire Rivard
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:14
  11. There is paucity of literature describing complex elbow trauma in the pediatric population. We described a case of an uncommon pediatric elbow injury comprised of lateral condyle fracture associated with poste...

    Authors: H Sharma, R Ayer and GR Taylor
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:13
  12. Achilles tendinopathy is considered to be one of the most common overuse injuries in elite and recreational athletes and the recommended treatment varies. One factor that has been stressed in the literature is...

    Authors: Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Roland Thomeé and Jon Karlsson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:12
  13. Fat mass, which is a major component of body weight, is directly related to bone mineral density and reduced fracture risk. It is not known whether abdominal fat is associated with hip fracture. The present st...

    Authors: Nguyen D Nguyen, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman and Tuan V Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:11
  14. MRI slices of 1.5 mm thickness have been used in both cross sectional and longitudinal studies of osteoarthritis, but is difficult to apply to large studies as most techniques used in measuring knee cartilage ...

    Authors: Guangju Zhai, Changhai Ding, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:10
  15. The design of a randomized multicenter trial is presented on the effectiveness of a prolonged conservative treatment strategy compared with surgery in patients with persisting intense sciatica (lumbosacral rad...

    Authors: Wilco C Peul, Hans C van Houwelingen, Wilbert B van der Hout, Ronald Brand, Just AH Eekhof, Joseph ThJ Tans, Ralph TWM Thomeer and Bart W Koes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:8
  16. Previous research indicates that many patients with fractures indicative of underlying osteoporosis are not receiving appropriate diagnostic follow-up and therapy. We assessed osteoporosis treatment coverage i...

    Authors: Shelly A Vik, Colleen J Maxwell and David A Hanley
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:7
  17. The control of force and its between-trial variability are often taken as critical determinants of motor performance. Subjects performed isometric trunk flexion and extension forces without and with experiment...

    Authors: Martin Descarreaux, Jean-Sébastien Blouin and Normand Teasdale
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:6
  18. The incidence of fractures in rural populations is lower than in urban populations, although the reason for this difference is unclear. This cross-sectional study was designed to examine the difference in bone...

    Authors: Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Tuan V Nguyen, Vongsvat Kosulwat, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Somsri Charoenkiatkul and Rajata Rajatanavin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:5
  19. Although shoulder pain is a commonly encountered problem in primary care, there are few studies examining its presenting characteristics and clinical management in this setting.

    Authors: James L Wofford, Richard J Mansfield and Raquel S Watkins
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:4
  20. Physical performance measures play an important role in the measurement of outcome in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty. However, many of the commonly used measures lack information on their psycho...

    Authors: Deborah M Kennedy, Paul W Stratford, Jean Wessel, Jeffrey D Gollish and Dianne Penney
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:3
  21. Conservative treatment remains the standard of care for treating mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome despite a small number of well-controlled studies and limited objective evidence to support current trea...

    Authors: Brook I Martin, Linda M Levenson, William Hollingworth, Michel Kliot, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner and Jeffrey G Jarvik
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:2
  22. The optimal management for severe sprains (Grades II and III) of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle is unclear. The aims of this randomised controlled trial are to estimate (1) the clinical effectivenes...

    Authors: SE Lamb, RA Nakash, EJ Withers, M Clark, JL Marsh, S Wilson, JL Hutton, A Szczepura, JR Dale and MW Cooke
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:1
  23. Self-administrated patient outcome scores are increasingly recommended for evaluation of primary outcome in clinical studies. The VISA-P score, developed at the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment in Melbo...

    Authors: Anna Frohm, Tönu Saartok, Gunnar Edman and Per Renström
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:49
  24. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disease which defined as medically unexplained, disabling fatigue of 6 months or more duration and often accompanied by several of a long list of physical complaints. We aim...

    Authors: Remzi Cevik, Ali Gur, Suat Acar, Kemal Nas and Ayşegül Jale Sarac
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:47
  25. Neurogenic Para-Osteo-Arthropathy (NPOA) occurs as a consequence of central nervous system injuries or some systemic conditions. They are characterized by bone formation around the main joints.

    Authors: T Youssefian, R Sapena, R Carlier, C Bos, A Denormandie, P Denys, A Cormier and M Bandelier
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:46
  26. Low back pain is a common disorder in western industrialised countries and the type of treatments for low back pain vary considerably.

    Authors: Nicole van der Roer, Maurits W van Tulder, Johanna M Barendse, Willem van Mechelen, Willemien K Franken, Arjan C Ooms and Henrica CW de Vet
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:45
  27. It has previously been shown that an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may lead to impaired postural control, and that the ability to maintain postural control is decreased by fatigue in healthy subjects...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg, David Roberts, Eva Holmström and Thomas Fridén
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:44
  28. Only controlled blocks are capable of confirming the zygapophysial joints (ZJ) as the pain generator in LBP patients. However, previous workers have found that a cluster of clinical signs ("Revel's criteria"),...

    Authors: Mark Laslett, Birgitta Öberg, Charles N Aprill and Barry McDonald
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:43
  29. The myasthenia gravis is twice as common in women as in men and frequently affects young women in the second and third decades of life, overlapping with the childbearing years. Generally, during pregnancy in o...

    Authors: José F Téllez-Zenteno, Lizbeth Hernández-Ronquillo, Vicente Salinas, Bruno Estanol and Orlando da Silva
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:42
  30. Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a debilitating fibro-proliferative disorder of the hand characterized by the appearance of fibrotic lesions (nodules and cords) leading to flexion contractures of the fingers and lo...

    Authors: Raymond Tse, Jeffrey Howard, Yan Wu and Bing Siang Gan
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:41
  31. Researchers from the Royal Netherlands Army are studying the potential of isolated lumbar extensor training in low back pain in their working population. Currently, a randomized controlled trial is carried out...

    Authors: Pieter H Helmhout, Chris C Harts, J Bart Staal and Rob A de Bie
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:40
  32. The objective is to present the design of randomised clinical trial (RCT) on the effectiveness of physical therapy added to general practitioners management compared to general practitioners management only in...

    Authors: Pim AJ Luijsterburg, Arianne P Verhagen, Raymond WJG Ostelo, Hans JMM van den Hoogen, Wilco C Peul, Cees JJ Avezaat and Bart W Koes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:39
  33. Sick leave due to neck, shoulder and back disorders (NSBD) is higher among health-care workers, especially nursing aides/assistant nurses, compared with employees in other occupations. More information is need...

    Authors: Eva L Horneij, Irene B Jensen, Eva B Holmström and Charlotte Ekdahl
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:38
  34. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an age- and gender-associated autoimmune disorder. Previous studies suggested that defects in the hypothalamic/pituitary axis contributed to systemic lupus erythematosus disease...

    Authors: Charles W Denko and Charles J Malemud
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:37
  35. Variability in dosing and costs of biologics among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is of interest to healthcare descision-makers. We examined dosing and costs among RA patients newly treated with infli...

    Authors: Thomas D Gilbert Jr, Daniel Smith and Daniel A Ollendorf
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:36
  36. Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) are common in musicians and their prevalence has been the subject of a number of studies in most western countries. Such studies are scarce in developing countries despite th...

    Authors: Shahram Sadeghi, Behrooz Kazemi, Seyed Mostafa Jazayeri Shooshtari, Ali Bidari and Peyman Jafari
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:35
  37. Chronic neck pain is a common complaint in the Netherlands with a point prevalence of 14.3%. Patients with chronic neck pain are often referred to a physiotherapist and, although many treatments are available,...

    Authors: Frieke Vonk, Arianne P Verhagen, Mario Geilen, Cees J Vos and Bart W Koes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:34
  38. The combination of spinal manipulation and various physiotherapeutic procedures used to correct the curvatures associated with scoliosis have been largely unsuccessful. Typically, the goals of these procedures...

    Authors: Mark W Morningstar, Dennis Woggon and Gary Lawrence
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:32
  39. Acupuncture is a popular non-pharmacological modality for treating musculoskeletal pain. Physiotherapists are one of the largest groups of acupuncture providers within the NHS, and they commonly use it alongsi...

    Authors: Elaine Hay, Panos Barlas, Nadine Foster, Jonathan Hill, Elaine Thomas and Julie Young
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:31
  40. High prevalence rates for rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthopathies, and systemic lupus erythematosus have been described in American Indian and Alaskan Native adults. The impact of these diseases on American...

    Authors: Joyce Mauldin, H Dan Cameron, Diane Jeanotte, Glenn Solomon and James N Jarvis
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:30
  41. Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder, characterized by reduced bone mass, deterioration of bone structure, increased bone fragility, and increased fracture risk. It is more frequent to find among women...

    Authors: Roberto Hernandez-Rauda and Sandra Martinez-Garcia
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:29
  42. A previous systematic review reported that topical NSAIDs were effective in relieving pain in chronic conditions like osteoarthritis and tendinitis. More trials, a better understanding of trial quality and bia...

    Authors: Lorna Mason, R Andrew Moore, Jayne E Edwards, Sheena Derry and Henry J McQuay
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:28
  43. Obstetric palsy is the injury of the brachial plexus during delivery. Although many infants with plexopathy recover with minor or no residual functional deficits, some children don't regain sufficient limb fun...

    Authors: Atakan Aydin, Turker Ozkan and Defne Onel
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:25
  44. The time required for radiographic union following femoral fracture increases with age in both humans and rats for unknown reasons. Since abnormalities in fracture innervation will slow skeletal healing, we ex...

    Authors: Martha H Meyer, Wiguins Etienne and Ralph A Meyer Jr
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:24

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