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  1. While one in ten Australians suffer from chronic low back pain this condition remains extremely difficult to treat. Many contemporary treatments are of unknown value. One potentially useful therapy is the use ...

    Authors: Chris G Maher, Jane Latimer, Paul W Hodges, Kathryn M Refshauge, G Lorimer Moseley, Robert D Herbert, Leonardo OP Costa and James McAuley
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:54
  2. Longstanding musculoskeletal pain is common in the general population and associated with frequent use of health care. Plain radiography is a common diagnostic approach in these patients despite knowledge that...

    Authors: Hans Lindgren and Stefan Bergman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:53
  3. There is a large increase in back pain reporting in the early teens. In no previous study has the prevalence of low back pain been investigated in relation to the onset of puberty. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Niels Wedderkopp, Lars Bo Andersen, Karsten Froberg and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:52
  4. Open methods for removal of femoral interlocking nails involve an incision (up to 10 cm) over the trochanter to find the tip of the nail. The distal locking screws are some times difficult to palpate and an in...

    Authors: Kai-Jow Tsai, Po-Wen Shen and William C Hutton
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:51
  5. Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem. Effective treatment of acute LBP is important because it prevents patients from developing chronic LBP, the stage of LBP that requires costly and more complex tre...

    Authors: Luciana AC Machado, Chris G Maher, Rob D Herbert, Helen Clare and James McAuley
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:50
  6. It has been demonstrated that endothelins (ET) have significant roles in bone remodeling, metabolism and physiopathology of several bone diseases. We aimed to investigate if there was any difference between th...

    Authors: Hasan Hilmi Muratli, Levent Çelebi, Onur Hapa and Ali Biçimoğlu
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:49
  7. Fracture represents the single most important clinical event in patients with osteoporosis, yet remains under-predicted. As few premonitory symptoms for fracture exist, it is of critical importance that physic...

    Authors: Robert Bensen, Jonathan D Adachi, Alexandra Papaioannou, George Ioannidis, Wojciech P Olszynski, Rolf J Sebaldt, Timothy M Murray, Robert G Josse, Jacques P Brown, David A Hanley, Annie Petrie, Mark Puglia, Charlie H Goldsmith and W Bensen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:47
  8. It has been postulated that muscle contraction is slower in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee than asymptomatic individuals, a factor that could theoretically impair joint protection mechanisms. This st...

    Authors: John Dixon and Tracey E Howe
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:46
  9. Knee complaints are a frequent reason for consultation in general practice. These patients constitute a specific population compared to secondary care patients. However, information to base treatment decisions...

    Authors: Edith M Heintjes, Marjolein Y Berger, Bart W Koes and Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:45
  10. Topical NSAIDs have been proven to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA) in short-term studies (2 weeks). To justify its chronic use, efficacy of a topical NSAID over a longer term of study should be dem...

    Authors: Philip A Baer, Lisa M Thomas and Zev Shainhouse
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:44
  11. Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement their conventional treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Previous reviews and meta-ana...

    Authors: John C Licciardone, Angela K Brimhall and Linda N King
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:43
  12. Severely disabling chronic pain in the adult population is strongly associated with a range of negative health consequences for individuals and high health care costs, yet its prevalence in young adults is les...

    Authors: Christian Mallen, George Peat, Elaine Thomas and Peter Croft
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:42
  13. Low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly problem. Initiatives designed to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate healthcare for LBP include printed evidence-based clinical guidelines. Th...

    Authors: David W Evans, Nadine E Foster, Martin Underwood, Steven Vogel, Alan C Breen and Tamar Pincus
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:41
  14. In most clubfoot studies, the outcome instruments used are designed to evaluate classification or long-term cross-sectional results. Variables deal mainly with factors on body function/structure level. Wide sc...

    Authors: Hanneke Andriesse, Gunnar Hägglund and Gun-Britt Jarnlo
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:40
  15. Alendronate has been found to reduce the risk of fractures in postmenopausal women as demonstrated in multiple randomized controlled trials enrolling thousands of women. Yet there is a paucity of such randomiz...

    Authors: Anna M Sawka, Alexandra Papaioannou, Jonathan D Adachi, Amiram Gafni, David A Hanley and Lehana Thabane
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:39
  16. Osteoporosis is a major problem and is a hidden epidemic disease in the world. Early diagnosis by measurement of Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and treatment can prevent and reduce disease complications, especiall...

    Authors: Bagher Larijani, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Alireza Mojtahedi, Mohammad Pajouhi, Mohammad H Bastanhagh, Akbar Soltani, Seyed-Zahra Mirfezi and Roya Dashti
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:38
  17. Optimal motor control of the spine depends on proprioceptive input as a prerequisite for co-ordination and the stability of the spine. Muscle spindles are known to play an important role in proprioception. Ani...

    Authors: Nis Hjortskov, Christian Hye-Knudsen and Nils Fallentin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:37
  18. One means of treating osteoarthritis is with autologous or allogeneic osteochondral grafts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the innate immunological response in humans toward xeno-derived osteochondr...

    Authors: Vincent J Hetherington, Jill S Kawalec, Douglas S Dockery, Oleg S Targoni, Paul V Lehmann and Daniel Nadler
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:36
  19. While risk factors of osteoporosis in Western populations have been extensively documented, such a profile has not been well studied in Caucasians of non-European origin. This study was designed to estimate th...

    Authors: Azam Baheiraei, Nicholas A Pocock, John A Eisman, Nguyen D Nguyen and Tuan V Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:34
  20. Osteoporosis (OP) is a skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone strength and predisposition to increased risk of fracture, with consequent increased risk of morbidity and mortality. It is therefore an i...

    Authors: Alain Vanasse, Pierre Dagenais, Théophile Niyonsenga, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Josiane Courteau and Abbas Hemiari
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:33
  21. Physical therapists increasingly provide direct access services to patients with musculoskeletal conditions, and growing evidence supports the cost-effectiveness of this mode of healthcare delivery. However, f...

    Authors: John D Childs, Julie M Whitman, Phillip S Sizer, Maria L Pugia, Timothy W Flynn and Anthony Delitto
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:32
  22. This study was designed to evaluate the utility of transdermal fentanyl (TDF, Durogesic®) for the treatment of pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, which was not adequately controlled by non-opioid...

    Authors: Xavier Le Loët, Karel Pavelka and Ute Richarz
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:31
  23. Changing the kinematic behaviour of patellar movement could be one of the reasons for anterior knee pain after implantation of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the current study was to measure the p...

    Authors: Sven Ostermeier, Olaf Buhrmester, Christof Hurschler and Christina Stukenborg-Colsman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:30
  24. Variance of peak bone mass has a substantial genetic component, as has been shown with twin studies examining quantitative measures such as bone mineral density (BMD) and quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Evidenc...

    Authors: Peter Tzakas, Betty YL Wong, Alexander G Logan, Laurence A Rubin and David EC Cole
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:29
  25. The tissue origin of low back pain (LBP) or referred lower extremity symptoms (LES) may be identified in about 70% of cases using advanced imaging, discography and facet or sacroiliac joint blocks. These techn...

    Authors: Mark Laslett, Barry McDonald, Hans Tropp, Charles N Aprill and Birgitta Öberg
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:28
  26. Studies on exercise in knee osteoarthritis (OA) have focused on elderly subjects. Subjects in this study were middle-aged with symptomatic and definite radiographic knee osteoarthritis. The aim was to test the...

    Authors: Carina A Thorstensson, Ewa M Roos, Ingemar F Petersson and Charlotte Ekdahl
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:27
  27. Over the past decade, there has been heightened interest in injury rates sustained by martial arts athletes, and more specifically, Taekwondo athletes. Despite this interest, there is a paucity of research on ...

    Authors: Mohsen Kazemi, Heather Shearer and Young Su Choung
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:26
  28. Traditionally, studies on the etiology of low back pain have been carried out in adult populations. However, since low back pain often appears early in life, more research on young populations is needed. This ...

    Authors: Lise Hestbaek, Kristian Larsen, Flemming Weidick and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:25
  29. The diagnosis of discogenic back pain often leads to spinal fusion surgery and may partly explain the recent rapid increase in lumbar fusion operations in the United States. Little is known about how patients ...

    Authors: Richard A Deyo, Sohail K Mirza, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner and Brook I Martin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:24
  30. The Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) is a self-report questionnaire developed specifically to evaluate disability in persons with pathology of the rotator cuff of the shoulder. The authors created ite...

    Authors: Jean Wessel, Helen Razmjou, Yasmin Mewa and Richard Holtby
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:22
  31. Stepping-down is preceded by a shift of the center of mass towards the supporting side and forward. The ability to control both balance and lower limb movement was investigated in knee osteoarthritis patients ...

    Authors: L Mouchnino, N Gueguen, C Blanchard, C Boulay, G Gimet, J-M Viton, J-P Franceschi and A Delarque
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:21
  32. Pharmacological treatment for osteoarthritis (OA) can be divided into two groups: symptom-modifying drugs and disease-modifying drugs. Symptom-modifying drugs are currently the prescription of choice for patie...

    Authors: Rianne M Rozendaal, Bart W Koes, Harrie Weinans, Elian J Uitterlinden, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Abida Z Ginai, Jan AN Verhaar and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:20
  33. There is considerable controversy regarding the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the management of plantar heel pain. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of randomised controlled tr...

    Authors: Colin E Thomson, Fay Crawford and Gordon D Murray
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:19
  34. Tibial osteotomy is a treatment for younger and/or physically active patients suffering from uni-compartmental knee osteoarthritis. The open wedge osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique includes the use of ...

    Authors: Annette W-Dahl, Sören Toksvig-Larsen and Ewa M Roos
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:18
  35. In clinical practice, visual gait observation is often used to determine gait disorders and to evaluate treatment. Several reliability studies on observational gait analysis have been described in the literatu...

    Authors: Jaap J Brunnekreef, Caro JT van Uden, Steven van Moorsel and Jan GM Kooloos
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:17
  36. We have previously proposed a theoretical model for studying physical disability and other outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this paper is to test a model of impairment and functional limit...

    Authors: Agustín Escalante, Roy W Haas and Inmaculada del Rincón
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:16
  37. Sporadic and sometimes contradictory studies have indicated changes in satellite cell behaviour associated with the progressive nature of human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Satellite cell proliferation a...

    Authors: Marion M Schuierer, Christopher J Mann, Heidi Bildsoe, Clare Huxley and Simon M Hughes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:15
  38. It is known that the back muscles of scoliotic subjects present abnormalities in their fiber type composition. Some researchers have hypothesized that abnormal fiber composition can lead to paraspinal muscle d...

    Authors: Nathaly Gaudreault, A Bertrand Arsenault, Christian Larivière, Sophie J DeSerres and Charles-Hilaire Rivard
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:14
  39. There is paucity of literature describing complex elbow trauma in the pediatric population. We described a case of an uncommon pediatric elbow injury comprised of lateral condyle fracture associated with poste...

    Authors: H Sharma, R Ayer and GR Taylor
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:13
  40. Achilles tendinopathy is considered to be one of the most common overuse injuries in elite and recreational athletes and the recommended treatment varies. One factor that has been stressed in the literature is...

    Authors: Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Roland Thomeé and Jon Karlsson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:12
  41. Fat mass, which is a major component of body weight, is directly related to bone mineral density and reduced fracture risk. It is not known whether abdominal fat is associated with hip fracture. The present st...

    Authors: Nguyen D Nguyen, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman and Tuan V Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:11
  42. MRI slices of 1.5 mm thickness have been used in both cross sectional and longitudinal studies of osteoarthritis, but is difficult to apply to large studies as most techniques used in measuring knee cartilage ...

    Authors: Guangju Zhai, Changhai Ding, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:10
  43. The design of a randomized multicenter trial is presented on the effectiveness of a prolonged conservative treatment strategy compared with surgery in patients with persisting intense sciatica (lumbosacral rad...

    Authors: Wilco C Peul, Hans C van Houwelingen, Wilbert B van der Hout, Ronald Brand, Just AH Eekhof, Joseph ThJ Tans, Ralph TWM Thomeer and Bart W Koes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:8
  44. Previous research indicates that many patients with fractures indicative of underlying osteoporosis are not receiving appropriate diagnostic follow-up and therapy. We assessed osteoporosis treatment coverage i...

    Authors: Shelly A Vik, Colleen J Maxwell and David A Hanley
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:7
  45. The control of force and its between-trial variability are often taken as critical determinants of motor performance. Subjects performed isometric trunk flexion and extension forces without and with experiment...

    Authors: Martin Descarreaux, Jean-Sébastien Blouin and Normand Teasdale
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:6
  46. The incidence of fractures in rural populations is lower than in urban populations, although the reason for this difference is unclear. This cross-sectional study was designed to examine the difference in bone...

    Authors: Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Tuan V Nguyen, Vongsvat Kosulwat, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Somsri Charoenkiatkul and Rajata Rajatanavin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:5

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