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  1. Content type: Research article

    Although the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) is considered the leading outcome measure for patients with osteoarthritis of the lower extremity, recent work has challenged i...

    Authors: Paul W Stratford and Deborah M Kennedy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:17

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints in dentists is high although relatively few studies had focus in this profession. The aim of this study was to investigate the relations between physical, psychosoc...

    Authors: Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Ioanna-Christina Stathi and Fotini Charizani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:16

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Facet joints are a clinically important source of chronic cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine pain. The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the prevalence of facet joint pain by spinal region...

    Authors: Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Mark V Boswell, Vijay Singh, Vidyasagar Pampati, Kim S Damron and Carla D Beyer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:15

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Disability associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders is an increasingly serious societal problem. Although most injured workers return quickly to work, a substantial number do not. The costs of ch...

    Authors: Judith A Turner, Gary Franklin, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe, Kathleen Egan, Thomas M Wickizer, James F Lymp, Lianne Sheppard and Joel D Kaufman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:14

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of temporal and spatial gait measurements over a one-week period as measured using an instrumented walkway system (GAITRite®).

    Authors: Cornelis JT van Uden and Marcus P Besser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:13

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  6. Content type: Debate

    Hyaluronan, an unsulfated glycosaminoglycan, while being closely linked to osteoclast function several years ago, has received little attention lately. Given recent new knowledge of hyaluronan's possible cell ...

    Authors: Charles W Prince

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:12

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The presence of a fragility fracture is a major risk factor for osteoporosis, and should be an indicator for osteoporosis diagnosis and therapy. However, the extent to which patients who fracture are assessed ...

    Authors: A Papaioannou, L Giangregorio, B Kvern, P Boulos, G Ioannidis and JD Adachi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:11

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Aseptic loosening of hip prosthesis as it occurs in clinical cases in human patients was attributed to wear particles of the implants, the response of the tissue dominated by macrophages and the production of ...

    Authors: Alexander O El-Warrak, Marvin Olmstead, Rebecca Schneider, Lorenz Meinel, Regula Bettschart-Wolfisberger, Margarete K Akens, Joerg Auer and Brigitte von Rechenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:7

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  9. Content type: Research article

    S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is a dietary supplement used in the management of osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms. Studies evaluating SAMe in the management of OA have been limited to Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory ...

    Authors: Wadie I Najm, Sibylle Reinsch, Fred Hoehler, Jerome S Tobis and Phillip W Harvey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:6

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee pain affects an estimated 25% of the adult population aged 50 years and over. Osteoarthritis is the most common diagnosis made in older adults consulting with knee pain in primary care. However, the relat...

    Authors: George Peat, Elaine Thomas, June Handy, Laurence Wood, Krysia Dziedzic, Helen Myers, Ross Wilkie, Rachel Duncan, Elaine Hay, Jonathan Hill and Peter Croft

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:4

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The prone leg extension (PLE) is a clinical test used to evaluate the function of the lumbopelvis. It has been theorized that a normal and consistent pattern of muscle activation exists. Previous research has ...

    Authors: Gregory J Lehman, Duane Lennon, Brian Tresidder, Ben Rayfield and Michael Poschar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:3

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    The clinical syndrome of joint pain and stiffness in older people is the commonest cause of disability and health care consultation in this age group. Yet there have been few prospective studies of its course ...

    Authors: Elaine Thomas, Ross Wilkie, George Peat, Susan Hill, Krysia Dziedzic and Peter Croft

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:2

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether professional drivers of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) with neck pain have a different array of neuromusculoskeletal disorders in the neck and upper extremitie...

    Authors: Börje Rehn, Tohr Nilsson and Bengt Järvholm

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:1

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) is a recently described phenomenon of unknown aetiology. Its clinical importance is poorly understood at the present time; therefore, the objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Maja Stupar, Damien Mauron and Cynthia K Peterson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:28

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Fracture of the distal radius is a common clinical problem, particularly in older white women with osteoporosis. We report our work towards evidence-based and patient-centred care for adults with these injuries.

    Authors: Helen HG Handoll and Rajan Madhok

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:27

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    To describe the design of a population based randomized controlled trial (RCT), including a cost-effectiveness analysis, comparing participative ergonomics interventions between 2–8 weeks of sick leave and Gra...

    Authors: Ivan A Steenstra, Johannes R Anema, Paulien M Bongers, Henrica CW de Vet and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:26

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Musculoskeletal hydatidosis is very rare and represents 1% – 5.4% of all cases of echinococcosis. On clinical basis, infection mimics a soft-tissue tumor, and the preoperative radiological diagnosis is very im...

    Authors: Zafer Orhan, Hasan Kara, Tolga Tuzuner, Irfan Sencan and Murat Alper

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:25

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Distal radius fractures are a common injury that cause pain and disability. The purpose of this study was to describe the pain and disabilities experienced by patients with a distal radius fracture in the firs...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, James H Roth and Robert S Richards

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:24

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  19. Content type: Research article

    It is now recognized that large diameter myelinated afferents provide the primary source of lower limb proprioceptive information for maintaining an upright standing position. Small diameter afferents transmit...

    Authors: Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Philippe Corbeil and Normand Teasdale

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:23

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in the aluminium industry is high, and there is a considerable work-related fraction. More knowledge about the predictors of sickness absence from MSD in this ...

    Authors: Tone Morken, Trond Riise, Bente Moen, Signe HV Hauge, Solrun Holien, Anne Langedrag, Svein Pedersen, Inger Lise L Saue, Guri M Seljebø and Varughese Thoppil

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:21

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Interpretation of small biopsy fragments from suspected lesions of fibrous dysplasia with unusual clinical and / or radiological features may be challenging due to wide histomorphological spectrum of stromal a...

    Authors: Vinod B Shidham, Ashwini Chavan, R Nagarjun Rao, Richard A Komorowski and Zeenath Asma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:20

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing multisystem inflammatory disorder with mucocutaneous, ocular, articular, vascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous system manifestations. Tumor necrosis factor...

    Authors: Salvatore Gulli, Carlo Arrigo, Loredana Bocchino, Lucia Morgante, Donatella Sangari, Irene Castagna and Gian Filippo Bagnato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:19

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Whiplash-associated disorder (or "whiplash") is a common condition incurring considerable expense in social and economic terms. A lack of research on effective therapy for patients with chronic whiplash associ...

    Authors: Mark J Stewart, Christopher G Maher, Kathryn M Refshauge, Rob D Herbert, Nikolai Bogduk and Michael Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:18

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis knowledge is an important contributor to improving exercise and calcium intake behaviour. However, there are few validated instruments for measuring osteoporosis knowledge levels. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Tania M Winzenberg, Brian Oldenburg, Sue Frendin and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:17

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Dupuytren's contracture or disease (DD) is a fibro-proliferative disease of the hand that results in the development of scar-like, collagen-rich disease cords within specific palmar fascia bands. Although the ...

    Authors: Jeffrey C Howard, Vincenzo M Varallo, Douglas C Ross, James H Roth, Kenneth J Faber, Benjamin Alman and Bing Siang Gan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:16

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Increased BMI may affect the determination of bone mineral density (BMD) by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and speed of sound (SOS) measured across bones. Preliminary data suggest that axial SOS is less affec...

    Authors: Miriam Steinschneider, Philippe Hagag, Micha J Rapoport and Mordechai Weiss

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:15

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To assess balance in single-limb stance, center of pressure movements can be registered by stabilometry with force platforms. This can be used for evaluation of injuries to the lower extremities. It is importa...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg, David Roberts, Eva Holmström and Thomas Fridén

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:14

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Cystic fibrosis is the most common fatal autosomal recessive genetic disease in the Caucasian population. Osteoporosis is increasingly being recognised as an important complication in people with cystic fibrosis.

    Authors: Christine Brenckmann, Alexandra Papaioannou, Andreas Freitag, Rosamund Hennessey, Suzanne Hansen, George Ioannidis, Colin Webber and Jonathan Adachi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:13

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The D...

    Authors: Christina Gummesson, Isam Atroshi and Charlotte Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:11

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to evaluate if physical functions usually associated with a younger population were of importance for an older population, and to construct an outcome measure for hip osteoarthritis wi...

    Authors: Anna K Nilsdotter, L Stefan Lohmander, Maria Klässbo and Ewa M Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:10

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Numerous nerve conduction tests are used for the electrodiagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), with a wide range of sensitivity and specificity reported for each test in clinical studies. The tests have no...

    Authors: Isam Atroshi, Christina Gummesson, Ragnar Johnsson and Ewald Ornstein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:9

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Statins, potent compounds that inhibit cholesterol synthesis in the liver have been reported to induce bone formation, both in tissue culture and in rats and mice. To re-examine potential anabolic effects of s...

    Authors: Dietrich von Stechow, Susan Fish, Dror Yahalom, Itai Bab, Michael Chorev, Ralph Müller and Joseph M Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:8

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Dietary magnesium (Mg) deficiency in the mouse perturbs bone and mineral homeostasis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate bone mineral density of the femur in control and Mg-deficient mice.

    Authors: Helen E Gruber, Robert K Rude, L Wei, A Frausto, Barbara G Mills and H James Norton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:7

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Iceland's geographical isolation with a stable and small population gives a rare opportunity for follow-up studies of medical interventions. Total hip replacements (THR) have been done at FSA Central Hospital ...

    Authors: Jonas Franklin, Otto Robertsson, Julius Gestsson, L Stefan Lohmander and Thorvaldur Ingvarsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:6

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The identification of live cells using membrane integrity dyes has become a frequently used technique, especially with articular cartilage and chondrocytes in situ where tissue slices are used to assess cell reco...

    Authors: NM Jomha, PC Anoop, Janet AW Elliott, K Bagnall and LE McGann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:5

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to present an automated system that analyzes digitized x-ray images of small animal spines identifying the effects of disc degeneration. The age-related disc and spine degeneration...

    Authors: Christy Wilson, Darien Brown, Kayvan Najarian, Edward N Hanley and Helen E Gruber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:4

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Musculoskeletal complaints are frequent and have large consequences for public health. Information about the prognosis after presentation in general practice is far from complete. Knowledge about determinants ...

    Authors: Johanna M van der Waal, Sandra DM Bot, Caroline B Terwee, Daniëlle AWM van der Windt, Lex M Bouter and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:3

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Classical homocystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) deficiency and characterized by distinctive alterations of bone growth and skeletal development. Skeletal ch...

    Authors: Priscilla G Massé, Adele L Boskey, Israel Ziv, Peter Hauschka, Sharon M Donovan, David S Howell and David EC Cole

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:2

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The current practice of the Swedish Knee Register is not to take into consideration if one or both knees in a patient are subject to surgery when evaluating risk of revision after arthroplasty. Risk calculatio...

    Authors: Otto Robertsson and Jonas Ranstam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:1

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  40. Content type: Research article

    It has been reported that there is an inverse association between osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis. However, the relationship of bone mass to OA in a Japanese population whose rates of OA are different fro...

    Authors: Yuichirou Yahata, Kiyoshi Aoyagi, Shoji Yoshida, Philip D Ross, Itsuro Yoshimi, Kazuhiko Moji and Tai-ichiro Takemoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:24

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Recent cadaver studies show stability against axial rotation with a cylindrical cage is marginally superior to a rectangular cage. The purpose of this biomechanical study in cadaver spine was to evaluate the s...

    Authors: Dilip K Sengupta, SMH Mehdian, Robert C Mulholland, John K Webb and Donna D Ohnmeiss

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:23

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The identification of new methods of evaluating patients with osteoporotic fracture should focus on their usefulness in clinical situations such that they are easily measured and applicable to all patients. Th...

    Authors: WP Olszynski, G Ioannidis, RJ Sebaldt, DA Hanley, A Petrie, JP Brown, RG Josse, TM Murray, CH Goldsmith, GF Stephenson, A Papaioannou and JD Adachi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:22

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