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  1. Content type: Research article

    While risk factors of osteoporosis in Western populations have been extensively documented, such a profile has not been well studied in Caucasians of non-European origin. This study was designed to estimate th...

    Authors: Azam Baheiraei, Nicholas A Pocock, John A Eisman, Nguyen D Nguyen and Tuan V Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:34

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis (OP) is a skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone strength and predisposition to increased risk of fracture, with consequent increased risk of morbidity and mortality. It is therefore an i...

    Authors: Alain Vanasse, Pierre Dagenais, Théophile Niyonsenga, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Josiane Courteau and Abbas Hemiari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:33

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Physical therapists increasingly provide direct access services to patients with musculoskeletal conditions, and growing evidence supports the cost-effectiveness of this mode of healthcare delivery. However, f...

    Authors: John D Childs, Julie M Whitman, Phillip S Sizer, Maria L Pugia, Timothy W Flynn and Anthony Delitto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:32

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to evaluate the utility of transdermal fentanyl (TDF, Durogesic®) for the treatment of pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, which was not adequately controlled by non-opioid...

    Authors: Xavier Le Loët, Karel Pavelka and Ute Richarz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:31

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Changing the kinematic behaviour of patellar movement could be one of the reasons for anterior knee pain after implantation of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the current study was to measure the p...

    Authors: Sven Ostermeier, Olaf Buhrmester, Christof Hurschler and Christina Stukenborg-Colsman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:30

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Variance of peak bone mass has a substantial genetic component, as has been shown with twin studies examining quantitative measures such as bone mineral density (BMD) and quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Evidenc...

    Authors: Peter Tzakas, Betty YL Wong, Alexander G Logan, Laurence A Rubin and David EC Cole

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:29

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The tissue origin of low back pain (LBP) or referred lower extremity symptoms (LES) may be identified in about 70% of cases using advanced imaging, discography and facet or sacroiliac joint blocks. These techn...

    Authors: Mark Laslett, Barry McDonald, Hans Tropp, Charles N Aprill and Birgitta Öberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:28

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Studies on exercise in knee osteoarthritis (OA) have focused on elderly subjects. Subjects in this study were middle-aged with symptomatic and definite radiographic knee osteoarthritis. The aim was to test the...

    Authors: Carina A Thorstensson, Ewa M Roos, Ingemar F Petersson and Charlotte Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:27

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Over the past decade, there has been heightened interest in injury rates sustained by martial arts athletes, and more specifically, Taekwondo athletes. Despite this interest, there is a paucity of research on ...

    Authors: Mohsen Kazemi, Heather Shearer and Young Su Choung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Traditionally, studies on the etiology of low back pain have been carried out in adult populations. However, since low back pain often appears early in life, more research on young populations is needed. This ...

    Authors: Lise Hestbaek, Kristian Larsen, Flemming Weidick and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:25

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    The diagnosis of discogenic back pain often leads to spinal fusion surgery and may partly explain the recent rapid increase in lumbar fusion operations in the United States. Little is known about how patients ...

    Authors: Richard A Deyo, Sohail K Mirza, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner and Brook I Martin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:24

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) is a self-report questionnaire developed specifically to evaluate disability in persons with pathology of the rotator cuff of the shoulder. The authors created ite...

    Authors: Jean Wessel, Helen Razmjou, Yasmin Mewa and Richard Holtby

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:22

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Stepping-down is preceded by a shift of the center of mass towards the supporting side and forward. The ability to control both balance and lower limb movement was investigated in knee osteoarthritis patients ...

    Authors: L Mouchnino, N Gueguen, C Blanchard, C Boulay, G Gimet, J-M Viton, J-P Franceschi and A Delarque

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:21

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Pharmacological treatment for osteoarthritis (OA) can be divided into two groups: symptom-modifying drugs and disease-modifying drugs. Symptom-modifying drugs are currently the prescription of choice for patie...

    Authors: Rianne M Rozendaal, Bart W Koes, Harrie Weinans, Elian J Uitterlinden, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Abida Z Ginai, Jan AN Verhaar and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:20

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There is considerable controversy regarding the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the management of plantar heel pain. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of randomised controlled tr...

    Authors: Colin E Thomson, Fay Crawford and Gordon D Murray

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:19

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Tibial osteotomy is a treatment for younger and/or physically active patients suffering from uni-compartmental knee osteoarthritis. The open wedge osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique includes the use of ...

    Authors: Annette W-Dahl, Sören Toksvig-Larsen and Ewa M Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:18

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In clinical practice, visual gait observation is often used to determine gait disorders and to evaluate treatment. Several reliability studies on observational gait analysis have been described in the literatu...

    Authors: Jaap J Brunnekreef, Caro JT van Uden, Steven van Moorsel and Jan GM Kooloos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:17

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  18. Content type: Research article

    We have previously proposed a theoretical model for studying physical disability and other outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this paper is to test a model of impairment and functional limit...

    Authors: Agustín Escalante, Roy W Haas and Inmaculada del Rincón

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:16

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Sporadic and sometimes contradictory studies have indicated changes in satellite cell behaviour associated with the progressive nature of human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Satellite cell proliferation a...

    Authors: Marion M Schuierer, Christopher J Mann, Heidi Bildsoe, Clare Huxley and Simon M Hughes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:15

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    It is known that the back muscles of scoliotic subjects present abnormalities in their fiber type composition. Some researchers have hypothesized that abnormal fiber composition can lead to paraspinal muscle d...

    Authors: Nathaly Gaudreault, A Bertrand Arsenault, Christian Larivière, Sophie J DeSerres and Charles-Hilaire Rivard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:14

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  21. Content type: Case report

    There is paucity of literature describing complex elbow trauma in the pediatric population. We described a case of an uncommon pediatric elbow injury comprised of lateral condyle fracture associated with poste...

    Authors: H Sharma, R Ayer and GR Taylor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:13

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Achilles tendinopathy is considered to be one of the most common overuse injuries in elite and recreational athletes and the recommended treatment varies. One factor that has been stressed in the literature is...

    Authors: Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Roland Thomeé and Jon Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:12

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Fat mass, which is a major component of body weight, is directly related to bone mineral density and reduced fracture risk. It is not known whether abdominal fat is associated with hip fracture. The present st...

    Authors: Nguyen D Nguyen, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman and Tuan V Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:11

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  24. Content type: Research article

    MRI slices of 1.5 mm thickness have been used in both cross sectional and longitudinal studies of osteoarthritis, but is difficult to apply to large studies as most techniques used in measuring knee cartilage ...

    Authors: Guangju Zhai, Changhai Ding, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:10

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    The design of a randomized multicenter trial is presented on the effectiveness of a prolonged conservative treatment strategy compared with surgery in patients with persisting intense sciatica (lumbosacral rad...

    Authors: Wilco C Peul, Hans C van Houwelingen, Wilbert B van der Hout, Ronald Brand, Just AH Eekhof, Joseph ThJ Tans, Ralph TWM Thomeer and Bart W Koes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:8

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Previous research indicates that many patients with fractures indicative of underlying osteoporosis are not receiving appropriate diagnostic follow-up and therapy. We assessed osteoporosis treatment coverage i...

    Authors: Shelly A Vik, Colleen J Maxwell and David A Hanley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:7

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The control of force and its between-trial variability are often taken as critical determinants of motor performance. Subjects performed isometric trunk flexion and extension forces without and with experiment...

    Authors: Martin Descarreaux, Jean-Sébastien Blouin and Normand Teasdale

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:6

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of fractures in rural populations is lower than in urban populations, although the reason for this difference is unclear. This cross-sectional study was designed to examine the difference in bone...

    Authors: Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Tuan V Nguyen, Vongsvat Kosulwat, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Somsri Charoenkiatkul and Rajata Rajatanavin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:5

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although shoulder pain is a commonly encountered problem in primary care, there are few studies examining its presenting characteristics and clinical management in this setting.

    Authors: James L Wofford, Richard J Mansfield and Raquel S Watkins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:4

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Physical performance measures play an important role in the measurement of outcome in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty. However, many of the commonly used measures lack information on their psycho...

    Authors: Deborah M Kennedy, Paul W Stratford, Jean Wessel, Jeffrey D Gollish and Dianne Penney

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:3

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Conservative treatment remains the standard of care for treating mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome despite a small number of well-controlled studies and limited objective evidence to support current trea...

    Authors: Brook I Martin, Linda M Levenson, William Hollingworth, Michel Kliot, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner and Jeffrey G Jarvik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:2

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    The optimal management for severe sprains (Grades II and III) of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle is unclear. The aims of this randomised controlled trial are to estimate (1) the clinical effectivenes...

    Authors: SE Lamb, RA Nakash, EJ Withers, M Clark, JL Marsh, S Wilson, JL Hutton, A Szczepura, JR Dale and MW Cooke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:1

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Self-administrated patient outcome scores are increasingly recommended for evaluation of primary outcome in clinical studies. The VISA-P score, developed at the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment in Melbo...

    Authors: Anna Frohm, Tönu Saartok, Gunnar Edman and Per Renström

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:49

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disease which defined as medically unexplained, disabling fatigue of 6 months or more duration and often accompanied by several of a long list of physical complaints. We aim...

    Authors: Remzi Cevik, Ali Gur, Suat Acar, Kemal Nas and Ayşegül Jale Sarac

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:47

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Neurogenic Para-Osteo-Arthropathy (NPOA) occurs as a consequence of central nervous system injuries or some systemic conditions. They are characterized by bone formation around the main joints.

    Authors: T Youssefian, R Sapena, R Carlier, C Bos, A Denormandie, P Denys, A Cormier and M Bandelier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:46

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Low back pain is a common disorder in western industrialised countries and the type of treatments for low back pain vary considerably.

    Authors: Nicole van der Roer, Maurits W van Tulder, Johanna M Barendse, Willem van Mechelen, Willemien K Franken, Arjan C Ooms and Henrica CW de Vet

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:45

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  37. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been shown that an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may lead to impaired postural control, and that the ability to maintain postural control is decreased by fatigue in healthy subjects...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg, David Roberts, Eva Holmström and Thomas Fridén

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:44

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Only controlled blocks are capable of confirming the zygapophysial joints (ZJ) as the pain generator in LBP patients. However, previous workers have found that a cluster of clinical signs ("Revel's criteria"),...

    Authors: Mark Laslett, Birgitta Öberg, Charles N Aprill and Barry McDonald

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:43

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The myasthenia gravis is twice as common in women as in men and frequently affects young women in the second and third decades of life, overlapping with the childbearing years. Generally, during pregnancy in o...

    Authors: José F Téllez-Zenteno, Lizbeth Hernández-Ronquillo, Vicente Salinas, Bruno Estanol and Orlando da Silva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:42

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a debilitating fibro-proliferative disorder of the hand characterized by the appearance of fibrotic lesions (nodules and cords) leading to flexion contractures of the fingers and lo...

    Authors: Raymond Tse, Jeffrey Howard, Yan Wu and Bing Siang Gan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:41

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Researchers from the Royal Netherlands Army are studying the potential of isolated lumbar extensor training in low back pain in their working population. Currently, a randomized controlled trial is carried out...

    Authors: Pieter H Helmhout, Chris C Harts, J Bart Staal and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:40

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    The objective is to present the design of randomised clinical trial (RCT) on the effectiveness of physical therapy added to general practitioners management compared to general practitioners management only in...

    Authors: Pim AJ Luijsterburg, Arianne P Verhagen, Raymond WJG Ostelo, Hans JMM van den Hoogen, Wilco C Peul, Cees JJ Avezaat and Bart W Koes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:39

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Sick leave due to neck, shoulder and back disorders (NSBD) is higher among health-care workers, especially nursing aides/assistant nurses, compared with employees in other occupations. More information is need...

    Authors: Eva L Horneij, Irene B Jensen, Eva B Holmström and Charlotte Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:38

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Systemic lupus erythematosus is an age- and gender-associated autoimmune disorder. Previous studies suggested that defects in the hypothalamic/pituitary axis contributed to systemic lupus erythematosus disease...

    Authors: Charles W Denko and Charles J Malemud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:37

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Variability in dosing and costs of biologics among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is of interest to healthcare descision-makers. We examined dosing and costs among RA patients newly treated with infli...

    Authors: Thomas D Gilbert Jr, Daniel Smith and Daniel A Ollendorf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:36

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) are common in musicians and their prevalence has been the subject of a number of studies in most western countries. Such studies are scarce in developing countries despite th...

    Authors: Shahram Sadeghi, Behrooz Kazemi, Seyed Mostafa Jazayeri Shooshtari, Ali Bidari and Peyman Jafari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:35

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  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic neck pain is a common complaint in the Netherlands with a point prevalence of 14.3%. Patients with chronic neck pain are often referred to a physiotherapist and, although many treatments are available,...

    Authors: Frieke Vonk, Arianne P Verhagen, Mario Geilen, Cees J Vos and Bart W Koes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:34

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