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Page 94 of 97

  1. Content type: Research article

    The child's lower limb is the most commonly reported musculoskeletal location with pain and also the most commonly injured site in sports. Some potential risk factors have been studied, but the results are inc...

    Authors: Ashraf El-Metwally, Jouko J Salminen, Anssi Auvinen, Hannu Kautiainen and Marja Mikkelsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:3

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  2. Content type: Technical advance

    The echogenicity patterns of ultrasound scans contain information of tissue composition in muscles. The aim was: (1) to develop a quantitative ultrasound image analysis to characterize tissue composition in te...

    Authors: Pernille Kofoed Nielsen, Bente R Jensen, Tron Darvann, Kurt Jørgensen and Merete Bakke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:2

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  3. Content type: Technical advance

    Minimally-invasive measurement of continuous inter-vertebral motion in clinical settings is difficult to achieve. This paper describes the reliability, validity and radiation exposure levels in a new Objective...

    Authors: Alan C Breen, Jennifer M Muggleton and Fiona E Mellor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:1

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  4. Content type: Research article

    There is a need for evidence of clinical effectiveness of foot orthosis therapy. This study evaluated the effect of foot orthoses made by ten podiatrists, ten pedorthists and eleven orthotists on plantar press...

    Authors: Nick A Guldemond, Pieter Leffers, Nicolaas C Schaper, Antal P Sanders, Fred HM Nieman and Geert HIM Walenkamp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:61

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Differences in overall performance of osteochondral photooxidized grafts were studied in accordance of their species origin and a new, more rigorous cleansing procedure using alcohol during preparation.

    Authors: Anja C Waselau, Daniel Nadler, Jessika MV Müller, Katalin Zlinszky, Monika Hilbe, Jörg A Auer and Brigitte von Rechenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:60

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Reproducibility measurements of the range of motion are an important prerequisite for the interpretation of study results. The aim of the study is to assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reproducibility of t...

    Authors: Jan Lucas Hoving, Jan JM Pool, Henk van Mameren, Walter JLM Devillé, Willem JJ Assendelft, Henrica CW de Vet, Andrea F de Winter, Bart W Koes and Lex M Bouter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:59

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of etoricoxib, a COX-2 selective inhibitor, in osteoarthritis (OA) patients.

    Authors: Sean P Curtis, Barry Bockow, Chester Fisher, Joseph Olaleye, Amy Compton, Amy T Ko and Alise S Reicin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:58

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute low back pain is a common condition resulting in pain and disability. Current national and international guidelines advocate general practitioner care including advice and paracetamol (4 g daily in other...

    Authors: Mark J Hancock, Christopher G Maher, Jane Latimer, Andrew J McLachlan, Chris W Cooper, Richard O Day, Megan F Spindler and James H McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:57

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal physiotherapists routinely assess lumbar segmental motion during the clinical examination of a patient with low back pain. The validity of manual assessment of segmental motion has not, however...

    Authors: J Haxby Abbott, Brendan McCane, Peter Herbison, Graeme Moginie, Cathy Chapple and Tracy Hogarty

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:56

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Many older people have chronic knee pain. Both topical and oral non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to treat this. Oral NSAIDS are effective, at least in the short term, but can h...

    Authors: Pamela L Cross, Deborah Ashby, Geoff Harding, Enid M Hennessy, Louise Letley, Suzanne Parsons, Anne E Spencer and Martin Underwood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:55

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    While one in ten Australians suffer from chronic low back pain this condition remains extremely difficult to treat. Many contemporary treatments are of unknown value. One potentially useful therapy is the use ...

    Authors: Chris G Maher, Jane Latimer, Paul W Hodges, Kathryn M Refshauge, G Lorimer Moseley, Robert D Herbert, Leonardo OP Costa and James McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:54

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Longstanding musculoskeletal pain is common in the general population and associated with frequent use of health care. Plain radiography is a common diagnostic approach in these patients despite knowledge that...

    Authors: Hans Lindgren and Stefan Bergman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:53

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  13. Content type: Research article

    There is a large increase in back pain reporting in the early teens. In no previous study has the prevalence of low back pain been investigated in relation to the onset of puberty. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Niels Wedderkopp, Lars Bo Andersen, Karsten Froberg and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:52

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  14. Content type: Technical advance

    Open methods for removal of femoral interlocking nails involve an incision (up to 10 cm) over the trochanter to find the tip of the nail. The distal locking screws are some times difficult to palpate and an in...

    Authors: Kai-Jow Tsai, Po-Wen Shen and William C Hutton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:51

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem. Effective treatment of acute LBP is important because it prevents patients from developing chronic LBP, the stage of LBP that requires costly and more complex tre...

    Authors: Luciana AC Machado, Chris G Maher, Rob D Herbert, Helen Clare and James McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:50

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  16. Content type: Research article

    It has been demonstrated that endothelins (ET) have significant roles in bone remodeling, metabolism and physiopathology of several bone diseases. We aimed to investigate if there was any difference between th...

    Authors: Hasan Hilmi Muratli, Levent Çelebi, Onur Hapa and Ali Biçimoğlu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:49

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Fracture represents the single most important clinical event in patients with osteoporosis, yet remains under-predicted. As few premonitory symptoms for fracture exist, it is of critical importance that physic...

    Authors: Robert Bensen, Jonathan D Adachi, Alexandra Papaioannou, George Ioannidis, Wojciech P Olszynski, Rolf J Sebaldt, Timothy M Murray, Robert G Josse, Jacques P Brown, David A Hanley, Annie Petrie, Mark Puglia, Charlie H Goldsmith and W Bensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:47

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  18. Content type: Research article

    It has been postulated that muscle contraction is slower in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee than asymptomatic individuals, a factor that could theoretically impair joint protection mechanisms. This st...

    Authors: John Dixon and Tracey E Howe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:46

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Knee complaints are a frequent reason for consultation in general practice. These patients constitute a specific population compared to secondary care patients. However, information to base treatment decisions...

    Authors: Edith M Heintjes, Marjolein Y Berger, Bart W Koes and Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:45

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Topical NSAIDs have been proven to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA) in short-term studies (2 weeks). To justify its chronic use, efficacy of a topical NSAID over a longer term of study should be dem...

    Authors: Philip A Baer, Lisa M Thomas and Zev Shainhouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:44

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement their conventional treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Previous reviews and meta-ana...

    Authors: John C Licciardone, Angela K Brimhall and Linda N King

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:43

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Severely disabling chronic pain in the adult population is strongly associated with a range of negative health consequences for individuals and high health care costs, yet its prevalence in young adults is les...

    Authors: Christian Mallen, George Peat, Elaine Thomas and Peter Croft

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:42

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly problem. Initiatives designed to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate healthcare for LBP include printed evidence-based clinical guidelines. Th...

    Authors: David W Evans, Nadine E Foster, Martin Underwood, Steven Vogel, Alan C Breen and Tamar Pincus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:41

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  24. Content type: Technical advance

    In most clubfoot studies, the outcome instruments used are designed to evaluate classification or long-term cross-sectional results. Variables deal mainly with factors on body function/structure level. Wide sc...

    Authors: Hanneke Andriesse, Gunnar Hägglund and Gun-Britt Jarnlo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:40

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Alendronate has been found to reduce the risk of fractures in postmenopausal women as demonstrated in multiple randomized controlled trials enrolling thousands of women. Yet there is a paucity of such randomiz...

    Authors: Anna M Sawka, Alexandra Papaioannou, Jonathan D Adachi, Amiram Gafni, David A Hanley and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:39

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is a major problem and is a hidden epidemic disease in the world. Early diagnosis by measurement of Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and treatment can prevent and reduce disease complications, especiall...

    Authors: Bagher Larijani, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Alireza Mojtahedi, Mohammad Pajouhi, Mohammad H Bastanhagh, Akbar Soltani, Seyed-Zahra Mirfezi and Roya Dashti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:38

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Optimal motor control of the spine depends on proprioceptive input as a prerequisite for co-ordination and the stability of the spine. Muscle spindles are known to play an important role in proprioception. Ani...

    Authors: Nis Hjortskov, Christian Hye-Knudsen and Nils Fallentin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:37

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  28. Content type: Research article

    One means of treating osteoarthritis is with autologous or allogeneic osteochondral grafts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the innate immunological response in humans toward xeno-derived osteochondr...

    Authors: Vincent J Hetherington, Jill S Kawalec, Douglas S Dockery, Oleg S Targoni, Paul V Lehmann and Daniel Nadler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:36

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  29. Content type: Research article

    While risk factors of osteoporosis in Western populations have been extensively documented, such a profile has not been well studied in Caucasians of non-European origin. This study was designed to estimate th...

    Authors: Azam Baheiraei, Nicholas A Pocock, John A Eisman, Nguyen D Nguyen and Tuan V Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:34

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis (OP) is a skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone strength and predisposition to increased risk of fracture, with consequent increased risk of morbidity and mortality. It is therefore an i...

    Authors: Alain Vanasse, Pierre Dagenais, Théophile Niyonsenga, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Josiane Courteau and Abbas Hemiari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:33

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Physical therapists increasingly provide direct access services to patients with musculoskeletal conditions, and growing evidence supports the cost-effectiveness of this mode of healthcare delivery. However, f...

    Authors: John D Childs, Julie M Whitman, Phillip S Sizer, Maria L Pugia, Timothy W Flynn and Anthony Delitto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:32

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  32. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to evaluate the utility of transdermal fentanyl (TDF, Durogesic®) for the treatment of pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, which was not adequately controlled by non-opioid...

    Authors: Xavier Le Loët, Karel Pavelka and Ute Richarz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:31

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Changing the kinematic behaviour of patellar movement could be one of the reasons for anterior knee pain after implantation of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the current study was to measure the p...

    Authors: Sven Ostermeier, Olaf Buhrmester, Christof Hurschler and Christina Stukenborg-Colsman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:30

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Variance of peak bone mass has a substantial genetic component, as has been shown with twin studies examining quantitative measures such as bone mineral density (BMD) and quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Evidenc...

    Authors: Peter Tzakas, Betty YL Wong, Alexander G Logan, Laurence A Rubin and David EC Cole

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:29

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The tissue origin of low back pain (LBP) or referred lower extremity symptoms (LES) may be identified in about 70% of cases using advanced imaging, discography and facet or sacroiliac joint blocks. These techn...

    Authors: Mark Laslett, Barry McDonald, Hans Tropp, Charles N Aprill and Birgitta Öberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:28

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Studies on exercise in knee osteoarthritis (OA) have focused on elderly subjects. Subjects in this study were middle-aged with symptomatic and definite radiographic knee osteoarthritis. The aim was to test the...

    Authors: Carina A Thorstensson, Ewa M Roos, Ingemar F Petersson and Charlotte Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:27

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Over the past decade, there has been heightened interest in injury rates sustained by martial arts athletes, and more specifically, Taekwondo athletes. Despite this interest, there is a paucity of research on ...

    Authors: Mohsen Kazemi, Heather Shearer and Young Su Choung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:26

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Traditionally, studies on the etiology of low back pain have been carried out in adult populations. However, since low back pain often appears early in life, more research on young populations is needed. This ...

    Authors: Lise Hestbaek, Kristian Larsen, Flemming Weidick and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:25

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    The diagnosis of discogenic back pain often leads to spinal fusion surgery and may partly explain the recent rapid increase in lumbar fusion operations in the United States. Little is known about how patients ...

    Authors: Richard A Deyo, Sohail K Mirza, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner and Brook I Martin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:24

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) is a self-report questionnaire developed specifically to evaluate disability in persons with pathology of the rotator cuff of the shoulder. The authors created ite...

    Authors: Jean Wessel, Helen Razmjou, Yasmin Mewa and Richard Holtby

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:22

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Stepping-down is preceded by a shift of the center of mass towards the supporting side and forward. The ability to control both balance and lower limb movement was investigated in knee osteoarthritis patients ...

    Authors: L Mouchnino, N Gueguen, C Blanchard, C Boulay, G Gimet, J-M Viton, J-P Franceschi and A Delarque

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:21

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Pharmacological treatment for osteoarthritis (OA) can be divided into two groups: symptom-modifying drugs and disease-modifying drugs. Symptom-modifying drugs are currently the prescription of choice for patie...

    Authors: Rianne M Rozendaal, Bart W Koes, Harrie Weinans, Elian J Uitterlinden, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Abida Z Ginai, Jan AN Verhaar and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:20

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  43. Content type: Research article

    There is considerable controversy regarding the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the management of plantar heel pain. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of randomised controlled tr...

    Authors: Colin E Thomson, Fay Crawford and Gordon D Murray

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:19

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Tibial osteotomy is a treatment for younger and/or physically active patients suffering from uni-compartmental knee osteoarthritis. The open wedge osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique includes the use of ...

    Authors: Annette W-Dahl, Sören Toksvig-Larsen and Ewa M Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:18

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In clinical practice, visual gait observation is often used to determine gait disorders and to evaluate treatment. Several reliability studies on observational gait analysis have been described in the literatu...

    Authors: Jaap J Brunnekreef, Caro JT van Uden, Steven van Moorsel and Jan GM Kooloos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:17

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  46. Content type: Research article

    We have previously proposed a theoretical model for studying physical disability and other outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this paper is to test a model of impairment and functional limit...

    Authors: Agustín Escalante, Roy W Haas and Inmaculada del Rincón

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:16

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