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  1. If conservative treatment for chronic plantar fasciitis fails, often a corticosteroid injection is given. Corticosteroid injection gives temporarily pain reduction, but no healing. Blood platelets initiate the...

    Authors: Joost C Peerbooms, Wilbert van Laar, Frank Faber, Hans M Schuller, Henk van der Hoeven and Taco Gosens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:69

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Recent healthcare policy has shifted the management of musculoskeletal conditions in the UK away from secondary care towards Clinical Assessment and Treatment Services at the primary-secondary care interface. ...

    Authors: Edward Roddy, Irena Zwierska, Peter Dawes, Samantha L Hider, Kelvin P Jordan, Jon Packham, Kay Stevenson and Elaine Hay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:67

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. There are no standard criteria for defining or assessing severity of fibromyalgia (FM) as a condition as fibromyalgia is associated with multiple symptom domains. The objective of this study was to evaluate wh...

    Authors: Stuart Silverman, Alesia Sadosky, Chris Evans, Yating Yeh, Jose Ma J Alvir and Gergana Zlateva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:66

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has an incidence of 1 case per 1000 inhabitants in the general population and it is very rare after arthroscopy of the shoulder. Therefore, the current guidelines do not advise the a...

    Authors: Raffaele Garofalo, Angela Notarnicola, Lorenzo Moretti, Biagio Moretti, Stefania Marini and Alessandro Castagna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:65

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Hamstring injuries are the most common injury in Australian Rules football. It was the aims to investigate whether a sports chiropractic manual therapy intervention protocol provided in addition to the current...

    Authors: Wayne Hoskins and Henry Pollard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:64

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011 12:200

  6. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) has been depicted as a major regulator of inflammatory processes, including leukocyte activation and migration towards several chemokines. This study aims to explore the rol...

    Authors: Michael Gruen, Christina Rose, Christian König, Mieczyslaw Gajda, Reinhard Wetzker and Rolf Bräuer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:63

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Calcitonin has been demonstrated to have chondroprotective effects under pre-clinical settings. It is debated whether this effect is mediated through subchondral-bone, directly on cartilage or both in combinat...

    Authors: Bodil-Cecilie Sondergaard, Suzi H Madsen, Toni Segovia-Silvestre, Sarah J Paulsen, Thorbjorn Christiansen, Christian Pedersen, Anne-Christine Bay-Jensen and Morten A Karsdal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:62

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Macrophages expressing the pro-angiogenic transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha have been demonstrated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the synovial tissue. Aim of the present study was to ...

    Authors: Johanna Westra, Elisabeth Brouwer, Ingrid AM van Roosmalen, Berber Doornbos-van der Meer, Miek A van Leeuwen, Marcel D Posthumus and Cees GM Kallenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:61

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Within the working population there is a vulnerable group: workers without an employment contract and workers with a flexible labour market arrangement, e.g. temporary agency workers. In most cases, when sick-...

    Authors: Sylvia J Vermeulen, Johannes R Anema, Antonius JM Schellart, Willem van Mechelen and Allard J van der Beek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:60

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The relative contribution of lean and fat to the determination of bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women is a contentious issue. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that lean ma...

    Authors: Lan T Ho-Pham, Nguyen D Nguyen, Thai Q Lai and Tuan V Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:59

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Systematic reviews have shown that exercise therapy and spinal manipulation are both more effective for low back pain (LBP) than no treatment at all. However, the effects are at best modest. To enhance the cli...

    Authors: Adri T Apeldoorn, Raymond W Ostelo, Hans van Helvoirt, Julie M Fritz, Henrika CW de Vet and Maurits W van Tulder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Correct rotational alignment of the femoral and tibial component is an important factor for successful TKA. The transepicondylar axis is widely accepted as a reference for the femoral component. There is not a...

    Authors: Jörg Lützner, Frank Krummenauer, Klaus-Peter Günther and Stephan Kirschner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:57

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Self-management has become increasingly popular in the management of chronic diseases. There are many different self-management models. Meta analyses of arthritis self-management have concluded that it is diff...

    Authors: Sophie Coleman, Jean McQuade, Jessica Rose, Charles Inderjeeth, Graeme Carroll and N Kathryn Briffa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:56

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. One in four Swedish women suffers a hip fracture yielding high morbidity and mortality. We wanted to revalidate a 4-item clinical risk score and evaluate a portable heel bone mineral density (BMD) technique re...

    Authors: Daniel Albertsson, Dan Mellström, Christer Petersson, Hans Thulesius and Robert Eggertsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:55

    Content type: Research article

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  15. It has not been assessed before whether mathematical models described in the literature for prescriptions of exercise can be used for fibromyalgia syndrome patients. The objective of this paper was to determin...

    Authors: Maria Carolina D Lemos, Valéria Valim, Eliana Zandonade and Jamil Natour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:54

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy has been proved in improving bone healing, but its effects on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vivo is not clear. The aims of this study are to clarify whether the HBO therapy has ...

    Authors: Tsai-Sheng Fu, Steve WN Ueng, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Lih-Huei Chen, Song-Shu Lin and Wen-Jer Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:52

    Content type: Research article

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  17. To explore how chronic musculoskeletal pain is managed in multidisciplinary pain clinics for patients for whom physical interventions are inappropriate or ineffective.

    Authors: Geoffrey Harding, John Campbell, Suzanne Parsons, Anisur Rahman and Martin Underwood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:51

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Barriers to care limit the potential benefits of pharmacological intervention for inflammatory arthritis. A self-administered questionnaire for early inflammatory arthritis (EIA) detection may complement conte...

    Authors: Mary J Bell, Ruben Tavares, Francis Guillemin, Vivian P Bykerk, Peter Tugwell and George A Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:50

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The number of hip fractures during recent decades has been reported to be increasing, partly because of an increasing proportion of elderly women in the society. However, whether changes in hip fracture annual...

    Authors: Henrik G Ahlborg, Björn E Rosengren, Teppo LN Järvinen, Cecilia Rogmark, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Ingemar Sernbo and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:48

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) represents a well-studied neuromuscular response that occurs in the lumbar and cervical spine. However, the cervical spine FRP has not been investigated extensively, and...

    Authors: Jean-Philippe Pialasse, Danik Lafond, Vincent Cantin and Martin Descarreaux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:46

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is a commonly reported cause of shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to examine whether a difference in electromyographic ...

    Authors: Rachel Chester, Toby O Smith, Lee Hooper and John Dixon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:45

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Ultrasonography of temporal arteries is not commonly used in the approach of patients with suspected giant cell arteritis (GCA) in clinical practice. A meta-analysis of primary studies available through April ...

    Authors: Aikaterini Arida, Miltiades Kyprianou, Meletios Kanakis and Petros P Sfikakis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:44

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory and systemic disease which affects the musculoskeletal system. Exercise programmes are reported to improve physical functioning in patients with RA. Tai Chi...

    Authors: Till Uhlig, Camilla Fongen, Eldri Steen, Anne Christie and Sigrid Ødegård

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:43

    Content type: Research article

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  24. fibromyalgia is a relatively common condition with widespread pain and pressure allodynia, but unknown aetiology. For decades, the association between motor control strategies and chronic pain has been a topic...

    Authors: Björn Gerdle, Christer Grönlund, Stefan J Karlsson, Andreas Holtermann and Karin Roeleveld

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:42

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Adiposity is a modifiable factor that has been implicated in tendinopathy. As tendon pain reduces physical activity levels and can lead to weight gain, associations between tendon pathology and adiposity must ...

    Authors: James E Gaida, Håkan Alfredson, Zoltan S Kiss, Shona L Bass and Jill L Cook

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:41

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Post-menopausal osteopenic women are at increased risk for skeletal fractures. Current osteopenia treatment guidelines include exercise, however, optimal exercise regimens for attenuating bone mineral density ...

    Authors: Peter M Wayne, Julie E Buring, Roger B Davis, Ellen M Connors, Paolo Bonato, Benjamin Patritti, Mary Fischer, Gloria Y Yeh, Calvin J Cohen, Danette Carroll and Douglas P Kiel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Clinical sagittal plane assessment of the thoracic kyphosis angle is considered an essential component of the postural examination of patients presenting with upper body pain syndromes. Cervical headaches and ...

    Authors: Jeremy S Lewis and Rachel E Valentine

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:39

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The foot is often affected in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Subtalar joints are involved more frequently than ankle joints. Deformities of subtalar joints often lead to painful flatfoot and valgus deform...

    Authors: Stanislav Popelka, Rastislav Hromádka, Pavel Vavřík, Pavel Štursa, David Pokorný, David Jahoda and Antonín Sosna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:38

    Content type: Research article

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  29. This randomised, single-blind controlled pilot trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of a physiotherapy program, including exercise and manual therapy, in reducing impairments and improving physical funct...

    Authors: Kim L Bennell, Bernadette Matthews, Alison Greig, Andrew Briggs, Anne Kelly, Margaret Sherburn, Judy Larsen and John Wark

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:36

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that can reduce both bone mass and bone strength. It can cause serious fractures of bones, along with causing significant and even devastating physical, psychological and financi...

    Authors: Jenn-Huei Renn, Nan-Ping Yang and Pesus Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:35

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Angiogenesis plays a role in the progression of osteosarcoma, as well as in other mesenchymal tumors and carcinomas, and it is most commonly assessed by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression or ...

    Authors: Barbara Rossi, Giovanni Schinzari, Giulio Maccauro, Laura Scaramuzzo, Diego Signorelli, Michele A Rosa, Carlo Fabbriciani and Barone Carlo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:34

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Non-specific low back pain (LBP) is usually self-limiting within 4-6 weeks. Longstanding pain and disability are not predictable from clinical signs or pathoanatomical findings. Pain cognition and physical per...

    Authors: Erik L Werner, Kjersti Storheim, Ida Løchting and Margreth Grotle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:33

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Myofascial pain is a common dysfunction with a lifetime prevalence affecting up to 85% of the general population. Current guidelines for the management of myofascial pain are not available. In this study we in...

    Authors: Johannes Fleckenstein, Daniela Zaps, Linda J Rüger, Lukas Lehmeyer, Florentina Freiberg, Philip M Lang and Dominik Irnich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To explore the health beliefs, experiences, treatment and expectations of people with chronic knee pain, and investigate if, how and why these change after taking part on an integrated exercise-based rehabilit...

    Authors: Michael V Hurley, Nicola Walsh, Vanita Bhavnani, Nicky Britten and Fiona Stevenson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:31

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Active approaches including both specific and unspecific exercise are probably the most widely recommended treatment for patients with chronic low back pain but it is not known exactly which types of exercise ...

    Authors: Jan Hartvigsen, Lars Morsø, Tom Bendix and Claus Manniche

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:30

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The cervical zygapophyseal joints may be a primary source of pain in up to 60% of individuals with chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) and may be a contributing factor for peripheral and centrally medi...

    Authors: Geoff M Schneider, Ashley D Smith, Allen Hooper, Paul Stratford, Kathryn J Schneider, Michael D Westaway, Bevan Frizzell and Lee Olson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:29

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Patellar tendinopathy is a major problem for many athletes, especially those involved in jumping activities. Despite its frequency and negative impact on athletic careers, no evidence-based guidelines for mana...

    Authors: Johannes Zwerver, Evert Verhagen, Fred Hartgens, Inge van den Akker-Scheek and Ron L Diercks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:28

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Minimal invasion surgery (MIS) is a recent technique recommended for Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but demands an effort of the surgeons and the learning curve may be long.

    Authors: Daniel Hernandez-Vaquero, Alfonso Noriega-Fernandez and Abelardo Suarez-Vazquez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Back and neck pain are very common, disabling and recurrent disorders in the general population and the knowledge of long-term effect of treatments are sparse. The aim of this study was to compare the long-ter...

    Authors: Eva Skillgate, Tony Bohman, Lena W Holm, Eva Vingård and Lars Alfredsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:26

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Walking and cycling to school are one source of regular physical activity. The aim of this two years observational study in pre-pubertal children was to evaluate if walking and cycling to school was associated...

    Authors: Bjarne Löfgren, Susanna Stenevi-Lundgren, Magnus Dencker and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  41. It is known that when barefoot, gait biomechanics of diabetic neuropathic patients differ from non-diabetic individuals. However, it is still unknown whether these biomechanical changes are also present during...

    Authors: Isabel CN Sacco, Paula MH Akashi and Ewald M Hennig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:24

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Work related upper limb disorders constitute 45% of all occupational diseases and are a significant public health problem. A subgroup, non specific arm pain (NSAP), remains elusive in terms of understanding it...

    Authors: Niamh Moloney, Toby Hall and Catherine Doody

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. The Effective Musculoskeletal Consumer Scale (EC-17) is a self-administered questionnaire for evaluating self-management interventions that empower and educate people with rheumatic conditions. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Bente Hamnes, Andrew Garratt, Ingvild Kjeken, Elizabeth Kristjansson and Kåre B Hagen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:21

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Previous research has shown that underlying dietary patterns are related to the risk of many different adverse health outcomes, but the relationship of these underlying patterns to skeletal fragility is not we...

    Authors: Lisa Langsetmo, Suzette Poliquin, David A Hanley, Jerilynn C Prior, Susan Barr, Tassos Anastassiades, Tanveer Towheed, David Goltzman and Nancy Kreiger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Menisci play a vital role in load transmission, shock absorption and joint stability. There is increasing evidence suggesting that OA menisci may not merely be bystanders in the disease process of OA. This stu...

    Authors: Yubo Sun, David R Mauerhan, Patrick R Honeycutt, Jeffrey S Kneisl, James H Norton, Edward N Hanley Jr and Helen E Gruber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:19

    Content type: Research article

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